Africa Command (AFRICOM)
Headquartered in Stuttgart-Moehringen,| Official Web site
The creation of U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) was announced Feb. 6, 2007 -- the culmination of a 10-year process within the Department of Defense regarding the emerging importance of Africa and as the direct result of increased defense operations after the attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. Before AFRICOM's creation, the Pentagon's regional command structure did not account for Africa in a comprehensive way, with three U.S. military headquarters maintaining relationships with African countries. Created after 9/11, AFRICOM reflects a more integrated staff structure, one that includes significant management and staff representation by the State Department, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and other federal agencies involved in Africa.
The official mission statement, approved by the defense secretary in May 2008: "United States Africa Command, in concert with other U.S. government agencies and international partners, conducts sustained security engagement through military-to-military programs, military-sponsored activities, and other military operations as directed to promote a stable and secure African environment in support of U.S. foreign policy."
AFRICOM is located on Kelley Barracks in Stuttgart-Moehringen, Germany, a few miles from Stuttgart International Airport. The service component commands of AFRICOM are:
* 17th Air Force, Ramstein Air Base, Germany
* U.S. Army Africa (formerly the U.S. Army Southern European Task Force), Vicenza, Italy
* U.S. Naval Forces -- Europe/Africa and U.S. 6th Fleet, Naples, Italy
* U.S. Marine Corps Forces Africa, Stuttgart-Moehringen, Germany
Major elements include the Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa, headquartered in Djibouti, and Special Operations Command Africa (SOCAFRICA).
The Intelligence Knowledge Development Molesworth (IKD-M), located at the Joint Analysis Center at Royal Air Force Molesworth in Britain, is a division of AFRICOM that supports the headquarters by providing intelligence analysis about the continent.
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- Management consulting and administration
- Air and satellite operations
- Counter-drug operations
- Cyber operations
- Facilities and Infrastructure
- Ground force operations
- Human intelligence
- Information technology
- Intelligence analysis
- Naval operations
- Staffing and personnel
- Psychological operations
- Building and personal security
- Specialized military operations
- Technical intelligence
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