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Army (Army)

Headquartered in Arlington, Va.

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The U.S. Army, originally the American Continental Army, was established by the Continental Congress on June 14, 1775, more than a year before the Declaration of Independence was signed. The Department of War was established as an executive department at the seat of government Aug. 7, 1789 (1 Stat. 49). The secretary of war was established as its head. The National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 401) created the National Military Establishment, and the Department of War was designated the Department of the Army. The war secretary became secretary of the Army (5 U.S.C. 171). The National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 578) provided that the Department of the Army be a military department within the Department of Defense.

Source: Adapted from U.S. government regulations, "U.S. Government Manual", and "An Overview of the U.S. Intelligence Community"
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