Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
Headquartered in Arlington, Va.| Official Web site
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), an element of the Department of Justice, is responsible for enforcing the U.S. controlled-substance laws and regulations. It brings to the criminal and civil justice system of the United States, or any other competent jurisdiction, those organizations and the principal members of those organizations involved in the growing, manufacturing or distribution of controlled substances appearing in or destined for illicit traffic in the United States. The DEA also enforces the federal money-laundering and bulk-currency-smuggling statutes when the funds in the transactions or smuggling are derived from the sale of narcotics. In addition, the DEA recommends and supports non-enforcement programs aimed at reducing the availability of illicit controlled substances on the domestic and international markets. The DEA was created in July 1973 by Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1973 (5 U.S.C. app.).
The DEA is one of 16 elements of the intelligence community (IC). The DEA’s Office of National Security Intelligence (ONSI) became a member of the IC in 2006. Located at DEA headquarters in Arlington, ONSI facilitates full and appropriate intelligence coordination and information sharing with other members of the U.S. IC and homeland security elements. ONSI leverages the global law enforcement drug intelligence assets of the DEA to report on matters relating to national security. Its goal is to enhance U.S. efforts to protect national security, and combat global terrorism, as well as facilitate IC support to the DEA’s law enforcement mission.
The DEA has 21 U.S. field divisions. At its outset, the DEA had 1,470 special agents and a budget of less than $75 million. Furthermore, in 1974, the DEA had 43 foreign offices in 31 countries. Today, the DEA has 5,235 special agents, a budget of more than $2.3 billion and 87 foreign offices in 63 countries. The DEA maintains communication with the United Nations, Interpol and other organizations on matters relating to international narcotics control programs.
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- Management consulting and administration
- Border control
- Counter-drug operations
- Facilities and Infrastructure
- Weapons technology
- Human intelligence
- Information technology
- Intelligence analysis
- Law enforcement
- Staffing and personnel
- Building and personal security
- Specialized military operations
- Technical intelligence
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