Department of Energy (DOE)
Headquartered in Washington, D.C.| Official Web site
The Department of Energy (DOE) was established by the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7131), effective Oct. 1, 1977, pursuant to Executive Order 12009 of Sept. 13, 1977. The act consolidated the major federal energy functions into one Cabinet-level department. DOE's mission is to foster a secure and reliable energy system that is environmentally and economically sustainable; to be a responsible steward of the nation's nuclear weapons; to clean up the department's facilities; to lead in the physical sciences and advance the biological, environmental and computational sciences; and to provide premier scientific instruments for the nation's research enterprise.
The secretary decides major energy policy and planning issues; acts as the principal representative for the DOE; and ensures the effective communication and working relationships with federal, state, local and tribal governments and the public. The secretary is the principal adviser to the president on energy policies, plans and programs.
The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) was created by Congress through the National Defense Authorization Act for fiscal 2000 (113 Stat. 512) to bring focus to the management of the nation's defense nuclear security programs. Three existing organizations within the DOE -- Defense Programs, Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation, and Naval Reactors -- were combined into a new, separately organized and managed agency within DOE, headed by an administrator who reports to the secretary. NNSA's service center and eight site offices provide operations oversight and contract administration for NNSA site activities, acting as the agency's risk acceptance for the site. The site offices are responsible for the safe and secure operation of facilities under the purview of NNSA; supporting NNSA programs to ensure their success in accordance with their expectations; and ensuring the long-term viability of the site to support NNSA programs and projects.
DOE intelligence is one of 16 elements of the intelligence community (IC). The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, established within the DOE by Public Law 106-65 of Oct. 5, 1999 (113 Stat. 955) and merged with Office of Intelligence to form the Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence by memorandum of March 9, 2006, ensures that all departmental intelligence information requirements are met and that the DOE's technical, analytical and research expertise is made available to support U.S. intelligence efforts. The office develops and implements programs to identify, neutralize and deter foreign government or industrial intelligence activities directed at or involving DOE programs, personnel, facilities, technologies, classified information and sensitive information. The DOE ensures effective use of the U.S. government's intelligence apparatus in support of DOE's need for information on foreign energy situations and hostile threats, information on global nuclear weapons development; nonproliferation; and foreign hydrocarbon, nuclear and other energy production and consumption. The office formulates all DOE intelligence and counterintelligence policy and coordinates all investigative matters with the FBI.
DOE's intelligence program traces its origins to the days of the Manhattan Project, when the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) was tasked to provide specialized analysis of the nascent atomic weapons program of the Soviet Union. Since then, that program -- like the functions of the former AEC -- has come to reside within DOE. It continues to evolve in close concert with changing policy needs and the strengths of DOE's unique scientific and technological base, from the world energy crisis of the 1970s, and consequent demand for intelligence expertise in international energy supply and demand issues, to concerns over nuclear proliferation and energy security.
A number of DOE's laboratories work on top-secret projects, not just on nuclear weapons and work related to weapons of mass destruction (WMDs): Argonne National Laboratory, Berkeley National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Idaho National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories.
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Top Secret Work
Number of Work Locations
Number of Contracting Clients
- Management consulting and administration
- Air and satellite operations
- Counter-IED explosives operations
- Cyber operations
- Disaster preparedness
- Facilities and Infrastructure
- Weapons technology
- Information technology
- Intelligence analysis
- Law enforcement
- Nuclear operations
- Staffing and personnel
- Building and personal security
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