Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Headquartered in Washington, D.C.| Official Web site
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, a component of the Department of Justice, was established in 1908. It is a full member of the U.S. intelligence community (IC) and serves as a link between intelligence and law enforcement communities.
Federal law, attorney general authorities and executive orders give the FBI jurisdiction to investigate all federal crimes not assigned exclusively to another federal agency (28 U.S.C. Section 533) and to investigate threats to the national security (EO 12333; 50 U.S.C. Section 401 et seq; 50 U.S.C. Section 1801 et seq). Additionally, there are other laws that give the FBI responsibility to investigate specific crimes. This combination of authorities gives the FBI the unique ability to address national security and criminal threats that are increasingly intertwined, and to shift between the use of intelligence tools such as surveillance or recruiting sources, and law enforcement tools of arrest and prosecution. The FBI's top priorities are combating the threat of terrorism, counterintelligence and cyber crime.
On June 28, 2005, the president directed the FBI to create a National Security Service within the agency. This directive was implemented through the creation of the National Security Branch (NSB) that integrates the FBI's primary national security programs under the leadership of a single FBI official. The NSB consists of the Counterterrorism Division, the Counterintelligence Division, the Directorate of Intelligence, and -- as of July 2006 -- a new Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate (WMDD).
Under the centralized management of the Counterterrorism Division, the FBI continues to develop and execute an investigative and intelligence strategy to use criminal law enforcement and non-prosecutorial sanctions to identify, disrupt and neutralize individuals and groups with the capacity to organize, plan and carry out terrorist acts against the United States at home and against U.S. interests abroad. The Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs), located in every FBI field office and many resident agencies, play a central role in virtually every terrorism investigation, prevention or interdiction within the United States.
Along with its headquarters in Washington, D.C., the FBI has 56 field offices in major U.S. cities and more than 400 resident agencies in smaller cities and towns across the nation. In addition, the FBI has more than 50 international offices called legal attaches in embassies worldwide. The FBI leverages its partnerships with more than 800,000 state, local and tribal law enforcement agencies though task forces and fusion centers to collect and disseminate intelligence, serving as a unique link between the intelligence and law enforcement communities.
The FBI is one of 16 elements of the intelligence community (IC). Analysts in the Counterterrorism Division and in the Field Intelligence Groups produce assessments of the composition, activities, trade craft, ideology and linkages of terrorists groups to guide and further FBI investigations, assist FBI management in deploying resources against the terrorist target, and to assist the executive branch and Cabinet-level officials in fighting terrorism. Counterintelligence investigations include economic espionage, financial crimes, export control violations, cyber intrusions and the compromise of U.S. strategic intellectual property, such as innovations and patented inventions.
The Terrorist Screening Center (TSC) was established in December 2003 to create a single comprehensive database of known or suspected terrorists (domestic and international). The TSC leverages the FBI’s law enforcement databases to provide real-time actionable intelligence to state and local law enforcement.
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- Counter-IED explosives operations
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- Law enforcement
- Staffing and personnel
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- Specialized military operations
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