Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Headquartered in Washington, D.C.| Official Web site
The mission of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is to reduce the loss of life and property and protect communities nationwide from all hazards, including natural disasters, acts of terrorism and other man-made catastrophes. FEMA leads and supports the nation in a risk-based, comprehensive emergency management system of preparedness, protection, response, recovery and mitigation. FEMA is also the lead federal agency coordinating national-level continuity of government programs, its primary top-secret work.
The Congressional Act of 1803 was the earliest effort to provide disaster relief on a federal level after a fire devastated a New Hampshire town. From that point forward, assorted legislation provided disaster support. In 1979, FEMA was established by an executive order, which merged many of the separate disaster-related responsibilities into a single agency. Since then, FEMA has dedicated itself to helping communities nationwide prepare for, respond to and recover from natural and man-made disasters -- a mission strengthened when the agency became part of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2003. As of November 2007, FEMA has responded to more than 2,700 presidentially declared disasters.
The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (PL 100-707) signed into law Nov. 23, 1988, amended the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 (PL 93-288) and now constitutes the statutory authority for most federal disaster response activities especially as they pertain to FEMA and FEMA programs.
FEMA has more than 3,700 full-time employees. They work at FEMA headquarters in Washington, D.C.; at regional and area offices across the country; the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center in Bluemont, Va.; and the National Emergency Training Center in Emmitsburg, Md. FEMA also has nearly 4,000 standby disaster-assistance employees available for deployment. Often FEMA works with other organizations that are part of the nation's emergency management system. These partners include state and local emergency management agencies, 27 federal agencies and the American Red Cross.
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Top Secret Work
Number of Work Locations
Number of Contracting Clients
- Management consulting and administration
- Disaster preparedness
- Facilities and Infrastructure
- Information technology
- Staffing and personnel
- Building and personal security
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