Alaska ranks 39th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations (tied with Maine), and 28th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11 (tied with New Jersey and North Carolina). In dollar amount, the state ranked 43rd in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 45th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 1st in overall federal government expenditures.
State security snapshot
Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 38
Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 12
Alaska is located in FEMA Region X; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is located in Seattle.
The Alaska Joint Terrorism Task Force is in Anchorage, co-located with Alaska's fusion center. The Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council of Alaska (ATACA) in Anchorage is chaired jointly by the U.S. attorney and the state adjutant general.
Alaska is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) and the Western States Information Network (WSIN). At the federal level, the FBI's Anchorage Field Intelligence Group, co-located with the Alaska Statewide Law Enforcement Information Center (SLEIC), leads the intelligence effort. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Seattle has jurisdiction over the state of Alaska.
The Alaska Statewide Law Enforcement Information Center (SLEIC), which is located in the FBI field office in Anchorage, has served as the interim state fusion center while the Alaska Information Analysis Center (AKIAK), the state-designated fusion center, is being established. When fully operational, AKIAK will be the conduit for information-sharing, focusing on homeland security, terrorism, criminal activity and all hazards within and surrounding the state of Alaska.
The Alaska Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, within the Alaska Department of Military and Veterans Affairs (DMVA), is the focal point for coordinating the state's efforts to prevent terrorist attacks, reduce Alaska's vulnerability to terrorism, and minimize the loss of life or damage to critical infrastructure. A Homeland Security Executive Cabinet (HSEC) makes recommendations to the governor, based on intelligence information, on whether to change the state's threat condition. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a Department of Homeland Security Protective Security Advisor district is located in Anchorage. NORTHCOM's Joint Task Force Alaska is headquartered at Elmendorf Air Force Base in Anchorage. Coast Guard District 17 is headquartered in Juneau.
The Alaska Department of Public Safety (DPS) is the statewide law enforcement agency. The FBI Anchorage field office has jurisdiction over the entire state. Resident agencies are located in Fairbanks and Juneau. The entire FBI division comprises more than 70 special agents, task force officers and professional support employees.
The Alaska State Emergency Response Commission (SERC) is an all-hazards commission that provides coordination among state, federal and local representatives on all emergency management issues for the highly decentralized state structure. In January 2003, the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management was established within the Alaska Department of Military and Veterans Affairs. Alaska is a member of the Pacific Northwest Emergency Management Arrangement (PNEMA), along with three other U.S. states, British Columbia and Yukon.
|Organization||City||Started since 9/11|
|Alaska ATAC (U.S. Attorney)||Anchorage||x|
|Alaska Department of Public Safety||Anchorage|
|Alaska JTTF (FBI)||Anchorage||x|
|Alaska Statewide Law Enforcement Information Center (SLEIC)||Anchorage|
|Anchorage Division (FBI)||Anchorage|
|Anchorage Police Department||Anchorage||x|
|Anchorage Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)||Anchorage|
|Anchorage Satellite Office (ATF)||Anchorage|
|Division of Alaska State Troopers / Alaska State Police||Anchorage||x|
|Protective Security Advisor Anchorage District (DHS)||Anchorage||x|
|RAC Anchorage (ICE)||Anchorage|
|USAO District of Alaska (U.S. Attorney)||Anchorage|
|USMS District of Alaska (Marshals)||Anchorage|
|USSS Anchorage Field Office (Secret Service)||Anchorage|
|AFOSI Det 632 (Air Force)||Eielson AFB|
|AFOSI Det 631 (Air Force)||Elmendorf AFB|
|Joint Task Force Alaska (JTF-Alaska) (ALCOM) (NORTHCOM)||Elmendorf AFB||x|
|Fairbanks Office (Drug Enforcement)||Fairbanks|
|Fairbanks Resident Agency (FBI)||Fairbanks|
|103rd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)||Ft. Richardson||x|
|Alaska Adjutant General (TAG)||Ft. Richardson|
|Alaska Air National Guard||Ft. Richardson|
|Alaska Army National Guard||Ft. Richardson|
|Alaska Citizen Corps||Ft. Richardson||x|
|Alaska Department of Military and Veterans Affairs||Ft. Richardson|
|Alaska Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management||Ft. Richardson||x|
|Alaska DOMS (Nat'l Guard)||Ft. Richardson|
|Alaska Fusion Center / Alaska Law Enforcement Information Center||Ft. Richardson||x|
|Alaska National Guard JFHQ/JOC||Ft. Richardson||x|
|Alaska Office of Homeland Security||Ft. Richardson||x|
|Alaska Resident Office||Ft. Richardson|
|Alaska Resident Office (Military Intel.)||Ft. Richardson|
|Alaska State Emergency Response Commission (SERC)||Ft. Richardson|
|Fort Richardson CID Office (U.S. Army)||Ft. Richardson|
|Fort Wainwright CID Office (U.S. Army)||Ft. Wainwright|
|Alaska Department of Public Safety Planning and Research Section||Juneau|
|Juneau Resident Agency (FBI)||Juneau|
|Duty Station Kodiak (ICE)||Kodiak|
“The absence of knowledge of any specific threat to Alaska and its people does not mean the threat does not exist. The absence of attack on Alaska and its people to date does not mean one is not being planned.”Source: Alaska Emergency Response Plan, 2004
“Alaska has relatively large population centers and targets of national, social, and economic interest. Its geographic isolation from the 'lower 48 States' does not guarantee that these potential targets will have immunity from attack. It is also important to recognize that as the United States improves its homeland security, and targets become more difficult to attack, terrorists may seek targets that are less protected. Alaska can reduce the chances of becoming a target by devoting resources and efforts that improve its ability to identify, protect, and respond to those attacks. In addition, Alaska must address its remoteness from the continental United States and be prepared to conduct longer-term response activities before assistance arrives from the Federal Government and other States.”Source: State of Alaska Multi-Year Training and Exercise Plan, 2009
|Public Safety||Earthquakes; Floods; Landslide and debris flow; Thunderstorms; Volcanoes; Winter storms; Extreme cold|
|Domestic Security||Homegrown Islamic terrorists|