Arizona

http://www.az.gov/webapp/portal/

Arizona ranks eighth of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations, and 10th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11. In dollar amount, the state ranked 27th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 16th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 31st in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Arizona by analyzing data, including the following: The state had six terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department. Arizona has two of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism: Phoenix and Tucson. * In 2009, according to the Department of Homeland Security, Arizona ranked seventh in the nation in unauthorized immigrant population, with an estimated 460,000 unauthorized immigrants residing in the state, a measure that the DHS and the FBI associate with potential threats.

Arizona's 389-mile border with Mexico is the dominant feature of the state's homeland security focus and organization. In the past year, the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Phoenix has experienced a dramatic increase in the resources needed to investigate and prosecute border-related crimes. In June 2010, the office reported a 99 percent increase in drug filings since 2008; bulk currency exportation cases were up 236 percent compared with a year earlier; and there was a 50 percent increase in federal wiretaps. Approximately 3,200 felony illegal immigration cases were filed in fiscal year 2009. According to NORTHCOM intelligence, 57 tunnels have been discovered going under the Mexican border into Arizona since 1990.

There are more than 6,400 federal law enforcement agents in Arizona, two-thirds of whom work for the U.S. Border Patrol. The military also has an active presence along the border, particularly assisting in collecting intelligence. In 2005, Customs and Border Protection began flying its own Predator surveillance drones over the border, operating from Libby airfield near Sierra Vista, making Arizona one of three states from which the DHS today operates the unmanned aircraft.

The Arizona Counter Terrorism Information Center (ACTIC), the state's fusion center established in 2004, is one of the nation's largest state fusion centers and the first to include complete integration with the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force. The state has three JTTFs, making it one of 22 states with more than one task force. Arizona has an active Terrorism Liaison Officer (TLO) program, which links the ACTIC to statewide intelligence collectors in local communities. Eight communities have TLOs working within the ACTIC, including Phoenix, Glendale, Peoria, Gilbert, Goodyear, Mesa, Buckeye and Chandler. In 2007, an officer from the Phoenix Police Department was assigned to the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), the first state-level official to be assigned to the intelligence center in Washington. In March 2010, a federal Intelligence and Operations Coordination Center (IOCC) was opened in Tucson. The facility serves as a “one-stop-shop” for information sharing and coordination, one of a dozen that the DHS is opening on the southern border of the United States.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 117

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 28

76.1% Pre-9/11

23.9% Post-9/11

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Organizations

Arizona is divided into five homeland security regions: North, West, Central, East and South. The state is located in FEMA Region IX; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is located in Oakland, Calif.

OrganizationsFederalStateLocalTotal
Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
4361160
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
031417
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
188026
Counterterrorism
Counterterrorism
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
4004
JTTFs
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
3003
Intelligence
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
91010
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
2103
Totals 741825117

Initiatives

  • Counterterrorism

    The Arizona Joint Terrorism Task Force is located in Phoenix, with JTTF annexes in Tucson and Yuma. The U.S. attorney chairs an Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council (ATAC) in Phoenix.

  • Intelligence

    Arizona was one of six states to initially test the DHS Homeland Security Information System-Intel (HSIN-Intel) pilot, which allows fusion centers to directly share classified information to identify trends and patterns that may represent links to terrorism. Arizona is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC), the Rocky Mountain Information Network (RMIN) and the Border Enforcement Security Task Force (BEST), an Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)-led initiative, begun in 2006, designed to increase the flow of information between participating agencies regarding transnational criminal organizations and violent gangs operating along the southern border. Headquartered in Phoenix, the RMIN serves more than 13,000 members in more than 1,000 agencies. The Regional Information Sharing Systems (RISS) Intelligence Center in Phoenix covers Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming, as well as Canada. The DHS is funding a Tucson Police Department intelligence, collection, analysis and dissemination initiative.

    At the federal level, the FBI operates Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs) in Phoenix and Tuscon. The ICE Field Intelligence Group Arizona is headquartered in Tucson. In March 2010, the first Intelligence and Operations Coordination Center (IOCC) opened in Tucson. The facility, operated by Customs and Border Protection, coordinates information sharing across all DHS operational entities.

  • Fusion

    The Arizona Counter Terrorism Information Center (ACTIC), the state's fusion center, is an "all crimes" center and handles all issues associated with terrorism and homeland security. It is a joint effort between the Arizona Department of Public Safety, the Arizona Department of Homeland Security and the FBI Phoenix JTTF. Established in 2004, it is one of the country's largest, with staffing from more than 40 law enforcement agencies. The ACTIC was the first state fusion center to include complete integration of the FBI's JTTF, and in 2009, the ACTIC's partnership with the Tohono O'odham Nation marked the first formalized information-sharing relationship between a state fusion center and a tribal partner. In 2010, the ACTIC was designated as one of 12 sites to be part of the new Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) initiative.

    The Terrorism Liaison Officer (TLO) program of the ACTIC provides a link between the fusion center and local communities. Communities that have TLOs include Phoenix, Glendale, Peoria, Gilbert, Goodyear, Mesa, Buckeye and Chandler.

  • Homeland Security

    The Arizona Department of Homeland Security, established in 2006, is the statewide agency charged with developing comprehensive emergency plans to prevent and respond to natural, technological and terrorist events. The ADHLS is partial manager of the Arizona Fusion Center. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a DHS Protective Security Advisor is located in Phoenix.

    In 2005, the National Counterterrorism/Counterinsurgency Integrated Test and Evaluation Center was established at Yuma Proving Ground, a venue for experimental testing of technologies to counter terrorist threats, particularly homemade bombs. The center is composed of three Joint Experimentation Range Complexes (JERCs): Two replicate urban warfare sites in a desert environment, and the third replicates desert mountain roads typical of Afghanistan.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Arizona Department of Public Safety is the statewide law enforcement agency. The Statistical Analysis Center (SAC) serves as the research arm of the Arizona Criminal Justice Commission. In November 2007, an officer from the Phoenix Police Department was assigned to the National Counterterrorism Center in Washington, the first-state level official to be assigned to the interagency group. The FBI Phoenix field office has jurisdiction over the entire state (except of the Navajo Indian Reservation lying with Apache County, which is covered by the Albuquerque field office). Resident agencies or satellite offices are located in Tucson, Lake Havasu, Flagstaff, Sierra Vista, Pinetop, Yuma and Gallup, N.M.

  • Emergency Management

    The Arizona Division of Emergency Management (ADEM), part of the Arizona Department of Emergency and Military Affairs (DEMA), is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency planning.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Ajo Station (Border Patrol)Ajo 
Cochise County Emergency ManagementBisbee 
Casa Grande Station (Border Patrol)Case Grande 
Greenlee County Emergency ManagementClifton 
NCIS Rep Davis Monthan AFB (Navy)Davis Monthan AFB 
AFOSI Det 217 (Air Force)Davis-Monthan AFB 
AFOSI Region 2 OL-B (Air Force)Davis-Monthan AFB 
ASAC Douglas (ICE)Douglas 
Douglas Station (Border Patrol)Douglas 
Coconino County Emergency ManagementFlagstaff 
Flagstaff Office (Drug Enforcement)Flagstaff 
Flagstaff Resident Agency (FBI)Flagstaff 
Flagstaff Satellite Office (ATF)Flagstaff 
Pinal County Emergency ManagementFlorence 
Glendale Police DepartmentGlendalex
Gila County Emergency ManagementGlobe 
Navajo County Emergency ManagementHolbrook 
Mohave County Emergency ManagementKingman 
Lake Havasu Office (Drug Enforcement)Lake Havasu 
Lake Havasu Resident Agency (FBI)Lake Havasu 
Lakeside Resident Agency (FBI)Lakeside 
AFOSI Det 421 (Air Force)Luke AFB 
Mesa Police DepartmentMesax
Naco Station (Border Patrol)Naco 
Nogales Office (Drug Enforcement)Nogales 
Nogales Station (Border Patrol)Nogales 
RA Nogales (ICE)Nogales 
Santa Cruz Emergency ManagementNogales 
Oro Valley Police DepartmentOro Valley 
La Paz County Emergency ManagementParker 
91st Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Phoenixx
AFOSI Det 110 OL-A (Air Force)Phoenix 
Ariz. Capitol Police DepartmentPhoenixx
Ariz. Counter-Drug Procurement OfficePhoenix 
Ariz. Counter-Terrorism Information Center (ACTIC)Phoenixx
Ariz. Department of CommercePhoenixx
Ariz. Department of Homeland SecurityPhoenixx
Ariz. Department of Liquor and License ControlPhoenixx
Ariz. Department of Motor VehiclesPhoenixx
Ariz. Department of Public SafetyPhoenixx
Ariz. Dept. of Emergency and Military AffairsPhoenix 
Ariz. Joint Counter Narco-Terrorism Task ForcePhoenixx
Ariz. National Guard JFHQ/JOCPhoenixx
Arizona Adjutant General (TAG)Phoenix 
Arizona Air National GuardPhoenix 
Arizona Army National GuardPhoenix 
Arizona ATAC (U.S. Attorney)Phoenixx
Arizona Attorney General's OfficePhoenixx
Arizona Citizen Corps ProgramPhoenixx
Arizona Division of Emergency ManagementPhoenix 
Criminal Information Sharing Alliance (DEA)Phoenix 
FIG Arizona Office of Intelligence(ICE)Phoenixx
InfraGard Phoenix Chapter (FBI)Phoenix 
IRS Criminal Investigation, Phoenix Field OfficePhoenix 
Maricopa County Attorney’s OfficePhoenixx
Maricopa County Emergency ManagementPhoenix 
Maricopa County Sheriff's OfficePhoenixx
Phoenix Division (FBI)Phoenix 
Phoenix Field Division (ATF)Phoenix 
Phoenix Field Division (Drug Enforcement)Phoenix 
Phoenix Field Office (Defense Sec.)Phoenix 
Phoenix Field Office (ICE)Phoenix 
Phoenix Field Office (Postal Inspection)Phoenix 
Phoenix Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)Phoenix 
Phoenix JTTF / Ariz. JTTF (FBI)Phoenixx
Phoenix Police DepartmentPhoenixx
Phoenix Resident Agency (Defense)Phoenix 
Phoenix Resident Office (Diplomatic Sec.)Phoenix 
Protective Security Advisor Phoenix District (DHS)Phoenixx
RISS Intelligence Center (RMIN)Phoenix 
Rocky Mountain Information Network® (RMIN)Phoenix 
SAC Phoenix (ICE)Phoenix 
USAO District of Arizona (U.S. Attorney)Phoenix 
USMS District of Arizona (Marshals)Phoenix 
USSS Phoenix (Secret Service)Phoenix 
Yavapai County Emergency ManagementPrescott 
Graham County Emergency ManagementSafford 
Scottsdale Police Department Special Investigations Section- Tactical/IntelligenceScottsdalex
ASAC Sells (ICE)Sells 
Fort Huachuca CID Office (U.S. Army)Sierra Vista 
Fort Huachuca Resident Office (Military Intel.)Sierra Vista 
Sierra Vista Aviation Operations (Customs)Sierra Vista 
Sierra Vista Office(Drug Enforcement)Sierra Vista 
Sierra Vista Resident Agency (FBI)Sierra Vista 
Sonoita Station (Border Patrol)Sonnoita 
Apache County Emergency ManagementSt. Johnsx
Tempe Police DepartmentTempex
AFOSI Det 703 OL-A (Air Force)Tucson 
Arizona Customs Management CenterTucson 
Ariz. Southwest Border HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Tucson 
DHS Office of Investigations Field Office TucsonTucsonx
Pima County Emergency ManagementTucson 
Pima County Sheriff’s OfficeTucson 
Resident Agent in Charge - Tucson (ICE)Tucson 
SAC Tucson (ICE)Tucson 
Tucson District Office (Drug Enforcement)Tucson 
Tucson DMA/TUC (Customs)Tucson 
Tucson JTTF (FBI)Tucsonx
Tucson Police DepartmentTucson 
Tucson Resident Agency (FBI)Tucson 
Tucson Resident OfficeTucson 
Tucson Satellite Office (ATF)Tucson 
Tucson Station / Sector (Border Patrol)Tucson 
USSS Tucson (Secret Service)Tucson 
Wellton Station (Border Patrol)Wellton 
Wilcox Station (Border Patrol)Wilcox 
ASAC Yuma (ICE)Yuma 
DHS Office of Investigations Field Office YumaYumax
NCIS Resident Agency Yuma (Navy)Yuma 
Yuma Aviation Operations (Customs)Yuma 
Yuma County Emergency ManagementYuma 
Yuma JTTF (FBI)Yumax
Yuma Office (Drug Enforcement)Yuma 
Yuma Resident Agency (FBI)Yuma 
Yuma Riverine Site (Customs)Yuma 
Yuma Satellite Office (ATF)Yuma 
Yuma Sector / Yuma Station (Border Patrol)Yuma 

Because of the state's rapid growth and international border Arizona has also become a prime location for criminal organizations and militant groups. For these and other reasons, Arizona faces many unique homeland security issues, in addition to the common challenges it shares with other states. Efforts to detect, prevent and respond to terrorism and other critical incidents are and will continue to be part of the everyday operations that comprise Arizona state government. ... Arizona's border region presents a unique challenge from the perspective of homeland security. ... While from a security perspective the southwest border represents a potential gateway for terrorists and weapons of mass destruction entering the U.S., the effective and timely movement of goods and people across the border is also part of the economic lifeblood of the cities and towns and tribal communities located along the border.”

Source: Securing Arizona: A Roadmap for Arizona Homeland Security, 2003

Arizona's threat environment includes not only the traditional spectrum of manmade and natural hazards -- wildland and urban fires, floods, oil spills, hazardous material releases, pandemics, drought, heat emergencies, and disruptions to energy and information technology infrastructure -- but also the deadly and devastating terrorist arsenal of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosive weapons (CBRNE).”

Source: State of Arizona Emergency Response and Recover Plan, 2010


State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Thunderstorms; Wildfires
Domestic SecurityWhite supremacists
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
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Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

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