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Arkansas

http://www.state.ar.us/

Arkansas ranks 29th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations, and 22nd overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11 (tied with Minnesota and West Virginia). In dollar amount, the state ranked 14th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 35th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 35th in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Arkansas by analyzing data, including the following: * Arkansas had two terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department. * The state is one of 18 that have no metropolitan area that has been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism. * One terrorist attack has occurred in Arkansas since 9/11: On June 1, 2009, U.S citizen and Islamic convert Abdulhakim Mujahid Muhammad is alleged to have opened fire on a U.S. military recruiting office in Little Rock, killing one soldier and wounding another. * Arkansas has the fourth-largest and fastest-growing immigrant population in the nation, a measure that the Department of Homeland Security and the FBI associate with potential threats.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 49

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 16

67.3% Pre-9/11

32.7% Post-9/11

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Organizations

Arkansas is located in FEMA Region VI; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is located in Denton, Tex.

OrganizationsFederalStateLocalTotal
Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
245029
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
0404
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
2608
Counterterrorism
Counterterrorism
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
4004
JTTFs
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
2002
Intelligence
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
2204
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
0101
Totals 3217049

Initiatives

  • Counterterrorism

    The Arkansas Joint Terrorism Task Force is in Little Rock, with a JTTF Annex in Fayetteville. The U.S. attorney chairs Anti-Terrorism Advisory Councils (ATACs) in Little Rock and Fort Smith. The Eastern District of Arkansas ATAC includes members from federal, state and local law enforcement, as well as the banking, energy, rail, shipping and investment industries.

  • Intelligence

    Arkansas is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) and the Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC). Arkansas is also a member of Southern Shield, a consortium of state homeland security and law enforcement officials from 14 Southeastern states and territories.

    At the federal level, the FBI Little Rock Field Intelligence Group covers all counties in the state. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in New Orleans has jurisdiction for Arkansas.

  • Fusion

    The Arkansas State Fusion Center, established in 2008, is organizationally located within the Department of the Arkansas State Police.

  • Homeland Security

    The Arkansas Department of Emergency Management (ADEM) incorporates homeland security and preparedness functions and maintains a representative at the Arkansas JTTF. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a DHS Protective Security Advisor is located in Little Rock.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Arkansas State Police is the statewide law enforcement agency, responsible for maintaining coordination and cooperation across jurisdictional lines to "detect and prevent terrorism." The Arkansas Crime Information Center (ACIC) is responsible for crime statistics and access to criminal information databases, providing information technology services to law enforcement and other criminal justice agencies in Arkansas; it serves more than 250 locations. The FBI Little Rock field office operates resident agencies and satellite offices in El Dorado, Fayetteville, Fort Smith, Hot Springs, Jonesboro, Marion (West Memphis), Pine Bluff and Texarkana.

  • Emergency Management

    The Arkansas Department of Emergency Management (ADEM), also the state's homeland security agency, serves as the state's coordination center for all four stages of emergency management: preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
USAO Eastern District of Arkansas (U.S. Attorney)  
USAO Western District of Arkansas (U.S. Attorney)  
El Dorado Resident Agency (FBI)El Dorado 
Fayetteville Office (Drug Enforcement)Fayetteville 
Fayetteville Resident Agency (FBI)Fayetteville 
Fayettteville JTTF Annex (FBI)Fayettevillex
RA Fayetteville (ICE)Fayetteville 
ATAC Western District of Ark. (U.S. Attorney)Fort Smithx
Fort Smith Office (Drug Enforcement)Fort Smith 
Fort Smith Satellite Office (ATF)Fort Smith 
Ft. Smith Resident Agency (FBI)Fort Smith 
USMS Western District of Ark. (Marshals)Fort Smith 
RAC Ft. Smith (ICE)Ft. Smith 
Hot Springs Resident Agency (FBI)Hot Springs 
Jonesboro Resident Agency (FBI)Jonesboro 
Arkansas Association of Chiefs of PoliceLittle Rockx
Arkansas Department of CorrectionsLittle Rockx
Arkansas Highway PatrolLittle Rockx
Arkansas Sheriff's AssociationLittle Rockx
Arkansas State PoliceLittle Rockx
Ark. Crime Information CenterLittle Rock 
Ark. Department of HealthLittle Rockx
Ark. Fusion Center (State Police)Little Rockx
Ark. Game and Fish CommissionLittle Rockx
ATAC Eastern District of Ark. (U.S. Attorney)Little Rockx
Little Rock Field Office (FBI)Little Rock 
Little Rock Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Little Rock 
Little Rock JTTF/Ark. JTTF (FBI)Little Rockx
Little Rock Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Little Rock 
Little Rock Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)Little Rock 
Little Rock Station (Border Patrol)Little Rock 
Protective Security Advisor Little Rock District (DHS)Little Rockx
RAC Little Rock (ICE)Little Rock 
USMS Eastern District of Arkansas (Marshals)Little Rock 
USSS Little Rock (Secret Service)Little Rock 
AFOSI Det 427 (Air Force)Little Rock AFB 
Marion (W. Memphis) Resident Agency (FBI)Marion 
61st Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)North Little Rockx
Arkansas Adjutant General (TAG)North Little Rock 
Arkansas Air National GuardNorth Little Rock 
Arkansas Army National GuardNorth Little Rock 
Arkansas Citizen CorpsNorth Little Rockx
Arkansas DOMS (Nat'l Guard)North Little Rock 
Ark. Department of Emergency Management (ADEM)North Little Rock 
Ark. National Guard JFHQ/JOCNorth Little Rockx
Pine Bluff Resident Agency (FBI)Pine Bluff 
Redstone Military Intelligence DetachmentRedstone Arsenal 
RAC Texarkana (ICE)Texarkana 
Texarkana Resident Agency (FBI)Texarkana 

Arkansas regards terrorism as a potential threat to its security, as well as a violent criminal act, and applies all appropriate means to combat this threat. In doing so, the State vigorously pursues efforts to deter and preempt these crimes and to apprehend and prosecute directly, or assist foreign governments in prosecuting, individuals who perpetrate or plan terrorist attacks.”

Source: Arkansas Emergency Operations Plan: Terrorism Incident, Law Enforcement and Investigation Annex, 2010


State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes
Domestic SecurityHomegrown Islamic terrorists
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
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Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

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William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and washingtonpost.com since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

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