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Connecticut ranks 36th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations (tied with Montana and West Virginia), and is one of seven states that rank 37th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11. In dollar amount, the state ranked 38th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 32nd in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked ninth in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Connecticut by analyzing data, including the following: • Connecticut is one of 13 states or territories where U.S. attorneys secured one terrorism conviction from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department. • The state has two of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism: Bridgeport and Hartford. The Connecticut fusion center, established in 2005, is a joint operation of the Connecticut State Police and the FBI. A statewide Anti-Terrorism Task Force of the Connecticut Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security and the State Police also works closely with the FBI.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 38

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 8

78.9% Pre-9/11

21.1% Post-9/11

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Connecticut is divided into five emergency management regions that closely parallel the emergency medical services regions of the state Department of Public Health. It is located in FEMA Region I; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Boston.

Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
Totals 2315038


  • Counterterrorism

    The Connecticut Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) is located at the FBI field office in New Haven. The U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Connecticut in New Haven has a national security and major-crimes unit that is responsible for prosecuting matters involving international and domestic terrorism, as well as other major crimes, and hosts the Connecticut Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council (ATAC). ATAC membership includes approximately 100 local, state and federal organizations, all of which coordinate with the counterterrorism effort via the FBI's JTTF or Field Intelligence Group (FIG) and/or the Connecticut Threat Information Center (CTIC).

    At the state level, the Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security's (DEMHS) Office of Counter Terrorism (OCT) is responsible for coordinating efforts and fostering partnerships with local, state and federal agencies. Connecticut State Police detectives staff the OCT, including the Critical Infrastructure Protection Unit (CIPU), the Connecticut JTTF and the Connecticut Intelligence Center (CTIC).

  • Intelligence

    Connecticut is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC), the New England State Police Information Network (NESPIN), the Long Island Sound Security Initiative and NYPD Shield. At the state level, five Regional Intelligence Liaison Officers (RILOs) have been identified and assigned to the CTIC from each of the five Connecticut Chiefs of Police regions.

    At the federal level, the FBI New Haven Field Intelligence Group, which is co-located with the Connecticut Intelligence Center, the state's fusion center, is the lead intelligence agency. The Immgration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Boston has jurisdiction over Connecticut.

  • Fusion

    The Connecticut Intelligence Center (CTIC), the state's fusion center, was established in 2005. The CTIC is a joint operation of the Connecticut State Police and the FBI and is located at the FBI's New Haven office. Connecticut has appointed at least one intelligence liaison officer from each local or police department or State Police Troop who is responsible for passing intelligence to the CTIC.

  • Homeland Security

    In 2004, Connecticut merged the functions of its Division of Homeland Security, then within the Department of Public Safety, with the Office of Emergency Management, then within the Military Department, creating the Department of Emergency Management and Homeland Security (DEMHS). The DEMHS's Critical Infrastructure Protection Unit is responsible for building an effort to prevent, deter, disrupt, neutralize or mitigate the effects of a deliberate attack by terrorists designed to destroy, incapacitate or exploit key sites. The unit conducts physical security/vulnerability assessments and works with federal and local agencies to implement the Buffer Zone Protection Program (BZPP). To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a Department of Homeland Security Protective Security Advisor is located in New Haven.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Connecticut Department of Public Safety is the statewide law enforcement agency and includes the State Police and a homeland security division. Officers of the State Police staff the DEMHS Office of Counter Terrorism. The Connecticut Statistical Analysis Center (CT-SAC) within the Office of Policy and Management (OPM) functions as a clearinghouse for justice-related information. The FBI's New Haven field office operates resident agencies and satellite offices in Bridgeport, Hartford and Meriden.

  • Emergency Management

    The Emergency Preparedness Division of the Connecticut DEMHS, headed by the state director of emergency management, is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness. The division includes a radiological emergency preparedness unit and an urban search-and-rescue unit. The State Emergency Operations Center (SEOC), located in Hartford, is operated by the DEMHS and is the state's coordination center for emergency services.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Bridgeport Resident Agency (FBI)Bridgeport 
Bridgeport Resident Office (Diplomatic Sec.)Bridgeport 
Connecticut Field Office (Defense Sec.)Groton 
NCIS Polygraph Site New London, Conn. (Navy)Groton 
NCIS Resident Agency New London (Navy)Groton 
Connecticut Adjutant General (TAG)Hartford 
Connecticut Air National GuardHartford 
Connecticut Army National GuardHartford 
Connecticut Citizen CorpsHartfordx
Connecticut Department of Emergency Management and Homeland SecurityHartford 
Connecticut Military DepartmentHartford 
Connecticut Office of Military AffairsHartford 
Conn. National Guard JFHQHartfordx
Conn. Office of Emergency ManagementHartford 
Hartford Field Office / Hartford Satellite Office - Industry Operations (ATF)Hartford 
Hartford Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Hartford 
RAC Hartford (ICE)Hartford 
Meriden Resident AgencyMeriden 
Conn. Department of Public SafetyMiddletown 
Connecticut State PoliceMiddletown 
ATAC State of Conn. (U.S. Attorney)New Havenx
Conn. Intelligence Center (CTIC)New Havenx
New Haven Division (FBI)New Haven 
New Haven Field Office / New Haven Satellite Office (ATF)New Haven 
New Haven Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)New Haven 
New Haven JTTF / Conn. JTTF (FBI)New Havenx
New Haven Resident Agency (Defense)New Haven 
Protective Security Advisor New Haven District (DHS)New Havenx
RAC New Haven (ICE)New Haven 
USAO District of Connecticut (U.S. Attorney)New Haven 
USMS District of Connecticut (Marshals)New Haven 
USSS New Haven (Secret Service)New Haven 
Wallingford Field Office (Postal Inspection)Wallingford 
Army Operations Activity Detachment West Hartford (Military Intel.)West Hartfordx
Connecticut Police Chiefs AssociationWest Hartford 
Hartford Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)West Hartford 
Conn. Department of CorrectionWethersfield 
14th Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Windsor Locksx

Although none of Connecticut's cities rank in the nation's top 120 cities in terms of population, the state is considered a transportation hub for southern New England. It has three major roadways (I-91, I-84, and I-95) including one that crosses the entire shoreline through three of the state's five largest cities (Stamford, Bridgeport, and New Haven). The southwestern portion of the state is regarded as part of 'Metro-New York' and provides vital transportation infrastructure. In addition to the AMTRAK and Metro North train systems, there are a number of other mass public transportation assets including Bradley International Airport and three major deepwater ports in Bridgeport, New Haven, and New London. Furthermore, while the state has no international iconic symbols such as the White House or the Statute of Liberty, it does have a concentration of military bases, defense contractors, a nuclear power plant, a large pharmaceutical complex, and two major casinos in southeast Connecticut.”

Source: Homeland Security in Connecticut, 2007

State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyHurricanes; Thunderstorms; Winter storms; Extreme cold
Domestic SecurityAnti-government militias; White supremacists
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
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The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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