District of Columbia
The District of Columbia, if it were a state, would rank 15th in dollar amount for federal homeland security grants in 2009 and seventh in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. D.C. is the nation's capital, the seat of government and the headquarters of most intelligence and homeland security agencies. In addition, U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to the District of Columbia by analyzing data, including the following:
State security snapshot
Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 39
Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 7
The District of Columbia is a member of the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments. The Homeland Security Act of 2002 defined the National Capital Region as the District of Columbia; Montgomery and Prince George's counties in Maryland; Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun and Prince William counties and the city of Alexandria in Virginia; and all cities and other units of government within the geographic areas of such District, counties and city. The District is located in FEMA Region III; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the District is in Philadelphia.
The FBI's Washington Joint Terrorsim Task Force. The U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Columbia is the nation's largest, enforcing the criminal laws of the United States and the District and thus serving as both the federal prosecutor and the local district attorney. The national security section handles all terrorism, terrorism hoax, export enforcement and espionage matters; investigations into leaks, mishandling or other disclosure of classified information; and other sensitive matters that implicate national security and/or have significant extraterritorial aspects.
The District of Columbia was one of six states (through the NCR) to initially test the Department of Homeland Security's Homeland Security Information System - Intel (HSIN-Intel) pilot, which allows fusion centers to directly share classified information to identify trends and patterns that may represent links to terrorism. The District is a member of the Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN), the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC), and the National Capital Region Law Enforcement Information Exchange (NCR-LInX). In 2010, the Metropolitan Police Department was designated as one of 12 state agencies to participate in the Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) initiative.
At the federal level, the FBI's field office operates a Field Intelligence Group (FIG) focused on threats to the District. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Washington has jurisdiction over the District and Virginia.
The Washington Regional Threat and Analysis Center (WRTAC) (formerly the Metropolitan Washington Fusion Center), is operated by the Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) and is the District's citywide all-hazards fusion center. Almost 100 local, state and federal agencies participate in the WRTAC, which is one of 12 initial pilot sites for the Nationwide SAR Initiative. The WRTAC and the MPD are collaborating on the Terrorist Incident Prevention Program (TIPP), a private industry suspicious-activity partnership that feeds threat information to the WRTAC from more than 60 types of high-risk businesses and industries. The WRTAC is also a member of the five-state NCR Fusion Center Directors Exchange Program, which includes analyst exchanges, regional Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) exchange, Terrorist Screening Center notifications and exchanges of criminal or border crime data.
The District of Columbia Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency (HSEMA) manages the District's emergency operations to prevent, respond to and recover from natural and man-made emergencies, and serves as the central communications point during regional emergencies. The HSEMA operations division runs a 24/7 Emergency Operations Center (EOC), the city's main operational control and communications facility during an emergency, disaster or special event. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a DHS Security Advisor in Washington works with the HSEMA.
The Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) is the primary law enforcement agency for the District of Columbia. The MPD is a partner in the National Capital Region Law Enforcement Information Exchange (NCR-LInX), a system that links local databases and allows investigators to develop leads for terrorist incidents in the NCR. The FBI's Washington field office is among the busiest of the agency's 56 field offices. The office has more than 750 agents, and on any given day, more than one-quarter are working counterterrorism cases.
The District of Columbia Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency (HSEMA) is the city agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness. The District of Columbia Emergency Preparedness Council (EPC) is the principal body that addresses planning and implementation efforts identified in the District Response Plan (DRP).
|Organization||City||Started since 9/11|
|11th Security Forces Squadron (U.S. Army)||Washington|
|33rd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)||Washington||x|
|AFOSI DET 332 (Air Force)||Washington|
|AFOSI Washington D.C. JTTF (33 FIS) (Air Force)||Washington||x|
|AFOSI XOQ OL-C (Air Force)||Washington|
|D.C. Metropolitan Police Department (MPDC)||Washington|
|D.C. Metropolitan Police Department Special Operations Division||Washington|
|District Homeland Security and Emergency Management Agency (D.C.)||Washington||x|
|District of Columbia National Guard||Washington|
|FPS National Capital Region (NCR-11) (Fed. Protective Service)||Washington|
|Intelligence/Counter-Terrorism Unit, Icon Protection Branch (Homeland Sec.)||Washington||x|
|Joint Forces Headquarters National Capital Region (JFHQ-NCR) (NORTHCOM)||Washington||x|
|Joint Task Force National Capital Region (JTF-NCR) (NORTHCOM)||Washington||x|
|Multiple Threat Alert Center (MTAC) (Navy)||Washington|
|Nations Capitol Members Alliance Infraguard (FBI)||Washington|
|NCIS Office Of Special Projects (Navy)||Washington|
|NCIS Technical Services Det Washington (Navy)||Washington|
|NCIS Washington Field Office (Navy)||Washington|
|Office of Detention and Removal Operations (ICE)||Washington|
|Office of National Capital Region Coordination (NCRC) (FEMA)||Washington|
|Office of Security and Program Protection (NASA)||Washington|
|Protective Security Advisor Washington District (DHS)||Washington||x|
|SAC Washington D.C. (ICE)||Washington|
|USAO District of Columbia (U.S. Attorney)||Washington|
|USMS District of Columbia - District Court (Marshals)||Washington|
|USMS District of Columbia - Superior Court (Marshals)||Washington|
|Walter Reed Branch Office (U.S. Army)||Washington|
|Washington D.C. Field Division (ATF)||Washington|
|Washington D.C. Field Division (DEA)||Washington|
|Washington D.C. Field Office (Air Marshal)||Washington|
|Washington D.C. Field Office (ATF)||Washington|
|Washington DC Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)||Washington|
|Washington D.C. JTTF 308th Military Intelligence Battalion Liaison||Washington|
|Washington D.C. JTTF (FBI)||Washington|
|Washington D.C. Regional Counterintelligence Office (Dept. of Energy)||Washington|
|Washington-Metro Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)||Washington|
|Washington Metropolitan Field Office (FBI)||Washington|
|Washington Metro Transit Police Department||Washington|
|Wash. Regional Threat and Analysis Center (WRTAC)||Washington|
|Public Safety||Extreme heat; Floods; Hurricanes; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes; Winter storms; Extreme cold|
|Domestic Security||White supremacists|