Florida

http://www.myflorida.com/

Florida ranks third of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations, and third overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11. In dollar amount, the state ranked fifth in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and fourth in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 34th in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Florida by analyzing data, including the following: Florida had 36 terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department, and ranks third in the nation. Florida has five of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism: Fort Lauderdale, Jacksonville, Miami, Orlando and Tampa. Intelligence authorities often refer to two thwarted Florida attacks -- the Richard Reid "shoe bomber" plot and the Jose Padilla "dirty bomb" plot -- even though neither attack was to occur in the state. No major plots specific to the state have been reported since 2001, according to U.S. intelligence. Florida is one of five states with the largest immigrant populations in the nation, a measure that the Department of Homeland Security and the FBI associate with potential threats. In 2009, according to the DHS, Florida ranked third in unauthorized immigrant population (behind California and Texas), with an estimated 760,000 unauthorized immigrants residing in the state.

A month after 9/11, then-Florida Gov. Jeb Bush issued Executive Order 01-300 to strengthen the state’s capability to prepare and respond to terrorist activity, and Florida produced the nation’s first state-level comprehensive counterterrorism strategy in October 2001. The Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) was designated the lead agency for counterterrorism and today oversees a sprawling organization of seven Regional Domestic Security Task Forces (RDSTFs). Each of the seven regions is developing an intelligence fusion center, and when the state completes its fusion center plan in 2012, it will have as many statewide intelligence centers as California. In 2009, the Florida Fusion Center in Tallahassee completed 12 strategic threat assessments (one classified) on topics including the use of "cloned" (look-alike) commercial vehicles for smuggling, human trafficking, virtual money laundering, school bus safety, questionable money transfers using credit cards, copper thefts and threats to the critical infrastructure.

Florida ranks third in the nation in numbers of FBI Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs), with six. Miami hosts the U.S. Southern Command (SOUTHCOM) headquarters, which is responsible for counterterrorism in Central and South America (not including U.S. territories). The SOUTHCOM-run Joint Interagency Task Force South (JIATFS) in Key West has an extensive surveillance and fusion counter-drug capability, combining intelligence, military, homeland security and law enforcement agencies and focusing on terrorism, human trafficking and arms smuggling. Operational test and evaluation of a maritime version of the Predator, operated by the Coast Guard and DHS Customs and Border Protection, began at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in early 2010.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 237

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 46

80.6% Pre-9/11

19.4% Post-9/11

Skip chart

Note: Please upgrade your Flash plug-in to view our enhanced content.

Preview below...


Organizations

The Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) operates through seven Regional Domestic Security Task Forces (RDSTFs) (in Tallahassee, Pensacola, Jacksonville, Orlando, Tampa Bay, Fort Myers and Miami), which also form the basis for seven Florida fusion centers. Each task force is co-chaired by a local sheriff or police chief and an FDLE special agent in charge (SAC). Task force members include law enforcement, first responders and public health officials. The task forces also work in partnership with schools, businesses and private industries. The state is located in FEMA Region IV; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Atlanta.

OrganizationsFederalStateLocalTotal
Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
112521138
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
04711
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
2914144
Counterterrorism
Counterterrorism
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
141015
JTTFs
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
6006
Intelligence
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
227029
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
0606
Totals 1773129237

Initiatives

  • Counterterrorism

    Florida has six Joint Terrorism Task Forces, one in each FBI field office (in Jacksonville, Miami and Tampa) and three JTTF annexes, in Orlando, Pensacola and West Palm Beach. The U.S. attorney chairs Anti-Terrorism Advisory Councils (ATACs) in Miami, Tampa and Tallahassee. The U.S. Attorney's Office for the Southern District of Florida in Miami has a public integrity section and a national security section responsible for all international and domestic terrorism-related matters.

  • Intelligence

    Florida was one of six states to initially test the DHS Homeland Security Information System -Intel (HSIN-Intel) pilot, which allows fusion centers to directly share classified information to identify trends and patterns that may represent links to terrorism. Florida is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC), the Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC) and the Navy-sponsored Law Enforcement Information Exchange (LInX). The Miami-Dade Police Department's Homeland Security Bureau (HSB) and Intelligence Operations Center (IOC) are responsible for gathering, analyzing, disseminating and maintaining criminal intelligence and homeland security initiatives. The intelligence section consists of a unit responsible for collections and a technical operations unit that conducts surveillance. In 2010, the Miami-Dade Police Department was designated as one of 12 state agencies to participate in the Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) initiative.

    At the federal level, the FBI operates Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs) in Jacksonville, Miami and Tampa. Florida also has two Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Groups: FIG Miami has jurisdiction over southern Florida, and FIG Tampa has jurisdiction over central and northern Florida. The Central Florida High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) in Sanford, the North Florida HIDTA in Jacksonville and the South Florida HIDTA in Miramar also perform criminal intelligence analysis.

  • Fusion

    When Florida completes is fusion center plan, it will have eight statewide centers, as many as California. • The Florida Fusion Center (FFC), located in Tallahassee, is the statewide center. It is a component of the Florida Department of Law Enforcement's Office of Statewide Intelligence (OSI) and was established in 2007. The FFC incorporated the former Counter Terrorism Intelligence Center (CTIC) and was designated Florida’s primary state fusion center in 2008. In 2010, the FFC was designated one of 12 pilot sites for the Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) initiative.

    In addition to the statewide FFC, as of 2010, Florida operates two DHS-recognized regional fusion centers: • The Central Florida Intelligence Exchange (CFIX) in Orlando, a component of the Region 5 Domestic Security Task Force, and • The Miami-Dade Fusion Center, in Miami, sometimes known as the South Florida Virtual Fusion Center.

    A Palm Beach Regional Fusion Center opened in 2010.

    Two other regional centers, one in in Jacksonville and the other in Fort Myers, were not yet certified by the federal government in 2010. The Southwest Florida Fusion Center in Fort Myers opened as a "virtual fusion center" with minimal staff and is housed in the local FBI office. Three additional regional centers are being developed in Pensacola, Tallahassee and Tampa, to place a fusion center in each of Florida's seven Domestic Security Task Force (DSTF) regions. Florida has the most pervasive domestic intelligence effort in the country, collecting intelligence and augmenting statewide suspicious-activity reporting with non-law-enforcement agencies. Regional intelligence agents (RIAs) are assigned as liaisons from each of the seven regions to the FFC and the OSI. These special agents are responsible for maintaining awareness of crimes and crime trends in all focus areas within their respective regions: Pensacola, Tallahassee, Jacksonville, Tampa Bay, Orlando, Fort Myers and Miami.

  • Homeland Security

    Florida is one of the few states to eschew the "homeland security" label and instead maintains an Office of Domestic Security and an Office of Statewide Intelligence within the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE); these offices are responsible for preparing for, preventing, responding to and recovering from acts of terrorism that affect the state. Florida's governance structure includes Regional Domestic Security Task Forces (RDSTFs), the State Working Group on Domestic Preparedness (SWG) and the Domestic Security Oversight Council (DSOC). The Miami-Dade Police Department (MDPD) Homeland Security Bureau also conducts security and vulnerability assessments of critical infrastructures and sites. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, DHS Protective Security Advisors are located in Jacksonville, Tampa and Miami. Coast Guard District 7 is headquartered in Miami.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE), the statewide law enforcement agency, is a sprawling department involved in all aspects of public safety and domestic security. The Florida Highway Patrol (FHP) includes a Bureau of Investigations responsible for investigating criminal activity within the state. Three FBI field offices, in Jacksonville, Miami and Tampa, cover the state. Resident agencies and satellite offices are located in Pensacola, Fort Walton Beach, Panama City, Tallahassee, Gainesville, Ocala, Daytona Beach, Orlando, Brevard, Naples, Fort Myers, Sarasota, Fort Pierce, Homestead, Key West, West Palm Beach, Lakeland, Naples, Pasco/Hernando and Pinellas. The Coast Guard Tactical Law Enforcement Team (TACLET) South, a special operations unit, is located in Opa Locka.

  • Emergency Management

    The Florida Division of Emergency Management is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness. The State Emergency Operations Center (SEOC) in Tallahassee serves as the state command post for emergency response and contains the State Watch Office.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
RAC Cocoa Beach (ICE)Cocoa Beach 
Coral Gables Police DepartmentCoral Gables 
Dania Beach Station (Border Patrol)Dania 
Daytona Beach Resident Agency (FBI)Daytona Beach 
Volusia County Sheriff's officeDeland 
Miami-Dade County - Department of Emergency ManagementDoral 
Miami-Dade Fusion CenterDoralx
Miami Dade Police DepartmentDoral 
Miami Dade Police Department Homeland Security BureauDoralx
AFOSI Det 104 (Air Force)Eglin AFB 
AFOSI Det 703 (Air Force)Eglin AFB 
Jacksonville Post of Duty (Defense)Fleming Island 
Jacksonville Resident Office (Defense Sec.)Fleming Island 
Fort Lauderdale Coastal Site (Customs)Fort Lauderdale 
Fort Lauderdale Police DepartmentFort Lauderdale 
Fort Lauderdale Resident Agency (Defense)Fort Lauderdale 
Fort Lauderdale Satellite Office (ATF)Fort Lauderdale 
Ft. Lauderdale District Office (Drug Enforcement)Fort Lauderdale 
Fort Myers Coastal Site (Customs)Fort Myers 
Fort Myers Satellite Office (ATF)Fort Myers 
Ft. Myers Resident Agency (FBI)Fort Myers 
RAC Fort Myers (ICE)Fort Myers 
Southwest Financial Crimes Strike Force (Secret Service)Fort Myers 
Southwest Fla. Regional Domestic Security Task Force, Region 6Fort Myersx
Southwest Florida Fusion CenterFort Myersx
Fort Pierce Coastal Site (Customs)Fort Pierce 
Fort Pierce Satellite Office (ATF)Fort Pierce 
Ft. Pierce Resident Agency (FBI)Fort Pierce 
St. Lucie County Sheriff's officeFort Pierce 
Ft. Walton Beach Resident Agency (FBI)Fort Walton Beach 
ASAC Ft. Lauderdale (ICE)Ft. Lauderdale 
Broward Sheriff's OfficeFt. Lauderdale 
RAC Ft. Pierce (ICE)Ft. Pierce 
Alachua County Sheriff's OfficeGainesvillex
Gainesville Resident Agency (FBI)Gainesville 
Gainesville Satellite Office (ATF)Gainesville 
Orlando Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Heathrow 
Hollywood Police DepartmentHollywood 
Homestead Resident Agency (FBI)Homestead 
Miami Resident Office (Defense Sec.)Homestead AFB 
AFOSI Det 229 OL-H (Air Force)Homestead ARB 
AFOSI Det 325 OL-H (Air Force)Homestead ARB 
AFOSI Det 802 OL-A (Air Force)Homestead ARB 
NCIS Resident Unit Miami (Navy)Homestead ARB 
AFOSI Det 104, Hurlburt BIB (Air Force)Hurlburt Field 
AFOSI Det 104, SOF staff (Air Force)Hurlburt Field 
AFOSI Det 309 (Air Force)Hurlburt Field 
AFOSI Det 341 (Air Force)Hurlburt Field 
Panhandle Resident Office (Defense Sec.)Hurlburt Field 
ASAC Jacksonville (ICE)Jacksonville 
Duval County, City of Jacksonville Emergency ManagementJacksonville 
Jacksonville Aviation Operations (Customs)Jacksonville 
Jacksonville Coastal Site (Customs)Jacksonville 
Jacksonville District Office (Drug Enforcement)Jacksonville 
Jacksonville Division (FBI)Jacksonville 
Jacksonville Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Jacksonville 
Jacksonville JTTF (Coast Guard, FBI)Jacksonvillex
Jacksonville JTTF (FBI)Jacksonvillex
Jacksonville Regional Fusion CenterJacksonvillex
Jacksonville Satellite Office (ATF)Jacksonville 
Jacksonville Station (Border Patrol)Jacksonville 
NCIS Regional Polygraph Site Jacksonville Fl (Navy)Jacksonville 
NCIS Resident Agency Jacksonville (Navy)Jacksonville 
N. Fla. HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Jacksonville 
Northeast Fla. Regional Domestic Security Task Force, Region 3Jacksonvillex
Protective Security Advisor Jacksonville District (DHS)Jacksonvillex
USSS Jacksonville (Secret Service)Jacksonville 
Key Largo Coastal Site (Customs)Key Largo 
RAC Key Largo (ICE)Key Largo 
Joint Interagency Task Force-SKey West 
Key West Coastal Site (Customs)Key West 
Key West Resident Agency (FBI)Key West 
NCIS Resident Unit Key West, Fla. (Navy)Key West 
RAC Key West (ICE)Key West 
Osceola County Sheriff's officeKissimmeex
Lakeland Resident Agency (FBI)Lakeland 
Pinellas County Sheriff's OfficeLargo 
AFOSI 2 FIS OL-C MacDill AFB (Air Force)MacDill AFB 
AFOSI Det 323 (Air Force)MacDill AFB 
AFOSI Det 340 (Air Force)MacDill AFB 
Orlando JTTF 308th Military Intelligence Battalion LiaisonMaitlandx
Orlando JTTF Annex (FBI)Maitlandx
Orlando Resident Agency (FBI)Maitland 
Marathon Station (Border Patrol)Marathon 
Monroe County Emergency ManagementMarathon 
NCIS Southeast Field Office (Navy)Mayport 
NCIS Technical Services Detachment Jacksonville (Navy)Mayport 
AFOSI Det 117 OL-A (Air Force)Melbourne 
Brevard Resident Agency (FBI)Melbourne 
Florida Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)Melbourne 
ATAC Southern District of Fla. (U.S. Attorney)Miamix
Field Operating Base (FOB) Miami (Defense Intel.)Miami 
FIG Miami Office of Intelligence(ICE)Miamix
HIDTA Assistance Center (Nat'l Drug Control)Miami 
Miami Aviation Operations (Customs)Miami 
Miami Coastal Site (Customs)Miami 
Miami-Dade Transit Southeast Fla. Regional Domestic Security Task ForceMiamix
Miami Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Miami 
Miami Field Division (ATF)Miami 
Miami Field Division (Drug Enforcement)Miami 
Miami Field OfficeMiami 
Miami Field Office (Diplomatic Sec.)Miami 
Miami Field Office (ICE)Miami 
Miami Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Miami 
Miami JTTF 308th Military Intelligence Battalion LiaisonMiamix
Miami Police DepartmentMiamix
Miami Resident Office (Military Intel.)Miami 
Miami Sector (Border Patrol)Miami 
Protective Security Advisor Miami District (DHS)Miamix
SAC Miami (ICE)Miami 
S. Fla. Customs Management CenterMiami 
Southeast Field Intelligence Unit (ICE)Miamix
Southeast Fla. Regional Domestic Security Task Force, Region 7Miamix
South Fla. JTTF / Miami JTTF (FBI)Miami 
USAO Southern District of Florida (U.S. Attorney)Miami 
USMS Southern District of Florida (Marshals)Miami 
USSS Miami (Secret Service)Miami 
DHS Office of Investigations Field Office MiamiMiramarx
Miami Division (Postal Inspection)Miramar 
Miramar Police DepartmentMiramar 
S. Fla. HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Miramar 
Collier County Sheriff's OfficeNaples 
Naples Resident Agency (FBI)Naples 
Pasco/Hernando Resident Agency (FBI)New Port Richey 
Miami Division (FBI)North Miami Beach 
South Florida Infraguard Chapter (FBI)North Miami Beach 
Ocala Resident Agency (FBI)Ocala 
ASAC Orlando (ICE)Orlando 
Central Fla. Intelligence eXchange (CFIX)Orlandox
Central Fla. Regional Domestic Security Task Force, Region 5 / Central Florida Regional Anti-Terrorism Task ForceOrlandox
DHS Office of Investigations Field Office OrlandoOrlandox
NCIS Resident Unit Orlando (Navy)Orlando 
Orange County Sheriff's OfficeOrlando 
Orlando Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Orlando 
Orlando Field OfficeOrlando 
Orlando Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Orlando 
Orlando Office of Emergency ManagementOrlando 
Orlando Police DepartmentOrlando 
Orlando Post of Duty (Defense)Orlando 
Orlando Resident Office (Defense)Orlando 
Orlando Resident Office (Military Intel.)Orlando 
Orlando Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)Orlando 
Orlando Station (Border Patrol)Orlando 
USSS Orlando (Secret Service)Orlando 
Putnam County Emergency ManagementPalatka 
NCIS Resident Unit Panama City, Fla. (Navy)Panama City 
Panama City Resident Agency (FBI)Panama City 
Panama City Satellite Office (ATF)Panama City 
RA Panama City (ICE)Panama City 
AFOSI Det 802 (Air Force)Patrick AFB 
Patrick AFB Field Office (Defense Sec.)Patrick AFB 
NCIS Central Field Office (Navy)Pensacola 
NCIS Polygraph Unit Pensacola (Navy)Pensacola 
NCIS Technical Services Unit Pensacola Fl (Navy)Pensacola 
Northwest Fla. Regional Domestic Security Task Force, Region 1Pensacolax
Pensacola Aviation Operations (Customs)Pensacola 
Pensacola Coastal Site (Customs)Pensacola 
Pensacola JTTF Annex (FBI)Pensacolax
Pensacola Resident Agency (FBI)Pensacola 
Pensacola Satellite Office (ATF)Pensacola 
RAC Pensacola (ICE)Pensacola 
Pinellas Resident Agency (FBI)Pinellas 
Broward County Emergency Management DivisionPlantation 
SAC East (ICE)Plantation 
Southern Florida IRS Criminal Investigation, Miami Field OfficePlantation 
Central Fla. HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Sanford 
Seminole County Sheriff's officeSanfordx
RAC Sarasota (ICE)Sarasota 
Sarasota Resident Agency (FBI)Sarasota 
Pensacola Post of Duty (Defense)Shalimar 
44th Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Starkex
Fla. National Guard JFHQSt. Augustinex
Florida Adjutant General (TAG)St. Augustine 
Florida Air National GuardSt. Augustine 
Florida Army National GuardSt. Augustine 
Florida Department of Military AffairsSt. Augustine 
Florida National Guard CounterdrugSt. Augustine 
Northern Florida IRS Criminal Investigation, Tampa Field OfficeSt. Petersburg 
Martin County Sheriff's officeStuart 
Fla. Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE)Talahassee 
RAC Tallahassee (ICE)Talahassee 
ATAC Northern District of Fla. (U.S. Attorney)Tallahasseex
Fla. Division of Emergency ManagementTallahassee 
Fla. Fusion CenterTallahasseex
Florida Citizen Corps Task ForceTallahasseex
Florida Critical Infrastructure OfficeTallahasseex
Florida Highway Patrol (FHP)Tallahassee 
Florida Law Enforcement eXchange (FLEX)Tallahassee 
Florida Sheriffs AssociationTallahassee 
North Fla. Regional Domestic Security Task Force, Region 2Tallahasseex
Office of Statewide Intelligence (Fla. Dept. of Law Enforcement)Tallahasseex
Tallahassee Resident Agency (FBI)Tallahassee 
Tallahassee Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Tallahassee 
Tallahassee Satellite Office (ATF)Tallahassee 
USAO Northern District of Florida (U.S. Attorney)Tallahassee 
USMS Northern District of Florida (Marshals)Tallahassee 
USSS Tallahassee (Secret Service)Tallahassee 
ATAC Middle District of Fla. (U.S. Attorney)Tampax
FIG Tampa Office of Intelligence (ICE)Tampax
NCIS Resident Unit Tampa (Navy)Tampa 
N. Fla. Customs Management CenterTampa 
Protective Security Advisor Tampa District (DHS)Tampax
Resident Agent in Charge - Tampa (ICE)Tampa 
SAC Tampa (ICE)Tampa 
Tampa AFOSI JTTF (Det 340) (formerly Det 323) (Air Force)Tampax
Tampa Aviation Operations (Customs)Tampa 
Tampa Bay Regional Domestic Security Task Force, Region 4Tampax
Tampa Coastal Site (Customs)Tampa 
Tampa District Office (Drug Enforcement)Tampa 
Tampa Division (FBI)Tampa 
Tampa Field Division (ATF)Tampa 
Tampa Field Office (Postal Inspection)Tampa 
Tampa Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Tampa 
Tampa JTTF (Coast Guard, FBI)Tampax
Tampa JTTF (FBI)Tampax
Tampa Office of Emergency ManagementTampa 
Tampa Station (Border Patrol)Tampa 
USAO Middle District of Florida (U.S. Attorney)Tampa 
USMS Middle District of Florida (Marshals)Tampa 
USSS Tampa (Secret Service)Tampa 
Lake County Sheriff's officeTavares 
Brevard County Sheriff's officeTitusville 
1st Air Force/AFNORTH JFACC (NORTHCOM)Tyndall AFBx
AFOSI 2 FIS OL-A Tyndall AFB (Air Force)Tyndall AFB 
AFOSI Det 419 (Air Force)Tyndall AFB 
Indian River County Sheriff's officeVero Beach 
Palm Beach County Division of Emergency ManagementWest Palm Beach 
Palm Beach County's Sheriff's OfficeWest Palm Beach 
Palm Beach Regional Fusion CenterWest Palm Beachx
RAC West Palm Beach (ICE)West Palm Beach 
USSS West Palm Beach (Secret Service)West Palm Beach 
West Palm Beach Coastal Site (Customs)West Palm Beach 
West Palm Beach JTTF Annex (FBI)West Palm Beachx
West Palm Beach Office (ATF)West Palm Beach 
West Palm Beach Resident Agency (FBI)West Palm Beach 
West Palm Beach Station (Border Patrol)West Palm Beach 
Orange County Office of Emergency ManagementWinter Park 

Florida is considered to be vulnerable because the chief objective of a terrorist is to spread fear and create economic damage, and Florida is a major tourist attraction with big theme parks, beaches, cruises, and military bases.”

Source: State of Florida Enhanced Hazard Mitigation Plan, 2010

Due to Florida's unique coastal geography, the state is vulnerable to many natural hazards, including flooding, tropical cyclones (tropical depressions, tropical storms and hurricanes), tornados, and wildfires. The state's heavy economic reliance on agriculture and tourism industries also makes Florida vulnerable to freezing temperatures, drought, and biological hazards. Technological hazards are those that are direct result of the failure of a man-made system or the exposure of a population to a hazardous material. Florida is vulnerable to nuclear power plant accidents, hazardous materials incidents, mass communication failures, major power disruptions, and critical infrastructure disruption/failure. Finally, man-made hazards include terrorist attacks and mass migration events. Florida faces both of these hazards due to the high number of facilities within the state associated with tourism, military, and government activities and the states close proximity to oppressed and politically unstable regimes in the Caribbean.”

Source: Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan, 2010


State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Hurricanes; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes
Domestic SecurityHomegrown Islamic terrorists; White supremacists
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
"Top Secret America" is a project nearly two years in the making that describes the huge national security buildup in the United States after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. | Read More »



More than a dozen Washington Post journalists spent two years developing Top Secret America. | See the details »


Video

Top Secret America on Frontline

A short video from PBS’s FRONTLINE on The Post’s two-year investigation. An hour-long documentary film is forthcoming. Watch the trailer »

The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and washingtonpost.com since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

Contact Us

Phone: 202-334-9300
E-mail: topsecretamerica@washpost.com


© The Washington Post Company