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Maryland

http://www.maryland.gov/

Maryland ranks ninth of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations, and fifth overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11. In dollar amount, the state ranked 28th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 19th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked fourth in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Maryland by analyzing data, including the following: * Maryland had 13 terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department, and ranks ninth in the nation. * Baltimore is one of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism. The National Capital Region, which comprises parts of suburban Maryland adjacent to the District of Columbia, is another designated area. * The intelligence community ranks Maryland in the top 10 states with the largest Muslim populations, a measure that it applies to potential threats of homegrown terrorist involvement. Maryland is one of 16 states with more than one fusion center, and one of only six states with three statewide centers. The Maryland centers are supplemented by the Washington Regional Threat and Analysis Center (WRTAC) in D.C., as well as by numerous federal intelligence centers focused on the nation's capital. The Baltimore-based Maryland Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) is responsible for the state, except for the suburbs of D.C., which fall under the Washington JTTF, part of the FBI's Washington field office. According to the 2005 Governor’s Annual Report on Homeland Security, Maryland was “the first state to become certified under a federal program aimed at protecting sensitive private sector information gathered from threat assessments by preventing access through public disclosure laws by competitors or potential terrorists.” In 2006, Maryland became one of the first states to integrate its critical-infrastructure assessment database with that of the Department of Homeland Security.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 108

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 39

63.9% Pre-9/11

36.1% Post-9/11

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Organizations

Maryland is a member of the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments and the National Capital Region as defined in the Homeland Security Act of 2002. It is located in FEMA Region III; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Philadelphia.

OrganizationsFederalStateLocalTotal
Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
3881359
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
1809
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
68014
Counterterrorism
Counterterrorism
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
4105
JTTFs
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
1001
Intelligence
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
183021
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
1304
Totals 672813108

Initiatives

  • Counterterrorism

    The Maryland Joint Terrorism Task Force is located in Baltimore. The U.S. attorney chairs an Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council (ATAC) in Baltimore.

  • Intelligence

    Maryland was one of six states (through the NCR) to initially test the DHS Homeland Security Information System-Intel (HSIN-Intel) pilot, which allows fusion centers to directly share classified information to identify trends and patterns that may represent links to terrorism. Maryland is a member of the Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN) and the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC). At the federal level, the FBI operates a Field Intelligence Group (FIG) in Baltimore responsible for all parts of Maryland except the National Capital Region, which falls under the FBI's Washington field office. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Baltimore has jurisdiction over the Baltimore area and those parts of Maryland that are not part of the National Capital Region. The Washington/Baltimore High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) in Greenbelt performs criminal intelligence analysis for parts of Maryland, the District of Columbia and, in Virginia, Alexandria city and Loudoun, Prince William, Arlington and Fairfax counties. The HIDTA Watch Center provides tactical and actionable intelligence to law enforcement throughout Maryland, Virginia and D.C.

  • Fusion

    Maryland operates three of its own fusion centers and works with or is a part of four others, three in the National Capital Region. Maryland is a participant in the Philadelphia-based Delaware Valley Intelligence Center (DVIC), a four-state (Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey), 12-county initiative. Maryland also falls under the Washington Regional Threat Analysis Center (WRTAC) in D.C., the Northern Virginia fusion center in Fairfax and the state-level Virginia Fusion Center in Richmond. The Maryland Coordination and Analysis Center (MCAC), a component of the Maryland State Police and the U.S. attorney's Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council, is the statewide fusion center, established in 2003. The MCAC instituted an all-crimes approach in 2006. The MCAC is a member of the five-state/D.C. NCR Fusion Center Directors Exchange Program, which includes analyst exchanges, regional Suspicious Activity Reporting exchanges, Terrorist Screening Center notifications, and exchanges of criminal or border crime data. The Southern Maryland Information Center (SMIC), covering Calvert, Charles and St. Mary's counties, was established in 2007 and collects, evaluates and disseminates information on known or suspected criminal violators, groups and organizations. The Western Maryland Information Center (WMIC), located in Frederick and established in 2008, is a second regional data fusion center, composed of law enforcement agencies from Frederick and Washington counties.

  • Homeland Security

    The Maryland Governor's Office of Homeland Security is a coordinating office, leading the development of policies, priorities and strategy for homeland security and assisting state and local agencies in the implementation of their counterterrorism and public safety missions. The Maryland Emergency Management Agency (MEMA) Operations Directorate includes critical-infrastructure protection (CIP). To assist in CIP, a DHS Protective Security Advisor is located in Baltimore. According to the 2005 Governor’s Annual Report on Homeland Security, Maryland was “the first state to become certified under a federal program aimed at protecting sensitive private sector information gathered from threat assessments by preventing access through public disclosure laws by competitors or potential terrorists.” The report also stated that “in 2006, Maryland will become just the second state to integrate its critical infrastructure assessment database with that of the United States Department of Homeland Security.”

  • Law Enforcement

    The Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services (DPSCS) is the statewide law enforcement agency. The Maryland State Police in Pikesville addresses foreign and domestic security threats and includes a Homeland Security and Investigation Bureau. The Maryland Statistical Analysis Center (MSAC) is the research, development and evaluation component of the Governor's Office of Crime Control & Prevention (GOCCP). The FBI's Baltimore field office operates resident agencies and satellite offices in Annapolis, Bel Air, Calverton, Frederick and Salisbury.

  • Emergency Management

    The Maryland Emergency Management Agency (MEMA), which is part of the Maryland Military Department, is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness and provides logistical and infrastructure support to the Governor's Office of Homeland Security. While MEMA is under the authority of the adjutant general, during emergencies the governor may assume direct authority over the agency and the executive director of MEMA reports directly to the governor. A key element of MEMA is the Maryland Joint Operations Center (MJOC), a 24/7 center operated by the Maryland National Guard and MEMA; it was the first joint civilian-military watch center in the country.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Aberdeen CID Office (U.S. Army)Aberdeen Proving Ground 
Aberdeen MI Detachment (Military Intel.)Aberdeen Proving Ground 
Company A, 308th Military Intel. BattalionAberdeen Proving Ground 
Maryland Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)Aberdeen Proving Ground 
AFOSI 2 FIS (Air Force)Andrews AFB 
AFOSI 33rd Field Investigations Squadron (AFOSI 33 FIS) (Air Force)Andrews AFB 
AFOSI 7 FIS (Air Force)Andrews AFB 
AFOSI Det 331 (Air Force)Andrews AFB 
NCIS Resident Unit Andrews (Navy)Andrews AFB 
Annapolis Resident Agency (FBI)Annapolis 
Maryland Sheriff’s AssociationAnnapolisx
Md. Governor's Office of Homeland SecurityAnnapolisx
NCIS Resident Agency Annapolis (Navy)Annapolis 
USSS Eastern Shore (Secret Service)Annapolis 
AFOSI Baltimore JTTF (33 FIS) (Air Force)Baltimorex
AFOSI Det 708 OL-B (Air Force)Baltimore 
ATAC District of Md. (U.S. Attorney)Baltimorex
Baltimore City Fire DepartmentBaltimorex
Baltimore City Police DepartmentBaltimorex
Baltimore District Office (Drug Enforcement)Baltimore 
Baltimore Field Division (ATF)Baltimore 
Baltimore Field Office (FBI)Baltimore 
Baltimore Field Office (ICE)Baltimore 
Baltimore Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Baltimore 
Baltimore JTTF 308th Military Intelligence Battalion LiaisonBaltimorex
Baltimore JTTF / Md. JTTF (FBI)Baltimorex
Baltimore Resident Agency (Defense)Baltimore 
FIG Baltimore Office of Intelligence(ICE)Baltimorex
Infraguard Maryland Members Alliance (FBI)Baltimore 
Maryland Adjutant General (TAG)Baltimore 
Maryland Air National GuardBaltimore 
Maryland Fireman’s AssociationBaltimorex
Maryland Health Officer’s AssociationBaltimorex
Maryland Military DepartmentBaltimorex
Maryland State Citizen CorpsBaltimorex
Maryland Transit Administration PoliceBaltimorex
Maryland Transportation Authority PoliceBaltimore 
Md. Department of Health and Mental HygieneBaltimorex
Md. Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Baltimore 
Md. National Guard JFHQBaltimorex
Mid Atlantic Customs Management CenterBaltimore 
NCIS Resident Agency Baltimore (Navy)Baltimore 
Protective Security Advisor Baltimore District (DHS)Baltimorex
SAC Baltimore (ICE)Baltimore 
USAO District of Maryland (U.S. Attorney)Baltimore 
USMS District of Maryland (Marshals)Baltimore 
USSS Baltimore (Secret Service)Baltimore 
Bel Air Resident Agency (FBI)Bel Air 
Harford County SheriffBel Airx
NCIS Resident Unit Bethesda (Navy)Bethesda 
Maryland Metropolitan Office (FBI)Calverton 
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center CheltenhamCheltenham 
Maryland Fire Chiefs AssociationClintonx
Maryland Chiefs of Police AssociationColumbiax
Washington D.C. Division (Postal Inspection)Columbia 
Howard County Police DepartmentEllicott City 
Emergency Management and Response - Information Sharing and Analysis Center (EMR-ISAC)Emmitsburgx
National Emergency Training Center/FEMA Emergency Management Institute (FEMA)Emmitsburg 
Disaster Operations Directorate, Tactical Emergency Communications Branch, MERS FrederickFrederickx
Frederick Resident Agency (FBI)Frederick 
Western Maryland Information Center (WMIC)Frederickx
AFOSI 7 FIS/ OL-B (Air Force)Ft. Meade 
AFOSI Det 202 (Air Force)Ft. Meade 
AFOSI Det 333 (Air Force)Ft. Meade 
AFOSI XOQ OL-N (Air Force)Ft. Meade 
Air Force Special Intelligence DetachmentFt. Meade 
CI Support Detachment (Military Intel.)Ft. Meade 
Fort Meade CID Office (U.S. Army)Ft. Meade 
NSA PoliceFt. Meade 
Hyattsville II - RAGE (Regional Area Gang Enforcement) Task Force (ATF)Greenbelt 
Washington-Baltimore HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Greenbelt 
Defense Security Service (Defense Sec.)Hanover 
NCIS Polygraph Site Hanover, Md. (Navy)Hanover 
Southern Md. Information Center (SMIC) Task ForceHughesvillex
Field Operating Base (FOB) Hyattesville (Defense Intel.)Hyattesville 
Chemical Biological Incident Response Force, II Marine Expeditionary Force (Marine Corps)Indian Headx
Maryland State PoliceJessup 
Prince George’s County Police DepartmentLandoverx
IRS Electronic Crimes and Intelligence DivisionLanham 
Hyattesville Field Office (ATF)Lanham-Seabrook 
Charles County Sheriff OfficeLa Platax
USSS Frederick (Secret Service)Laurel 
St. Mary's County Sheriff OfficeLeonardtownx
AFOSI DET 102 OL-E (Air Force)Linthicum 
DCMA Special Programs East (Defense)Linthicum 
Linthicum Field Office (Defense Sec.)Linthicum 
Linthicum Office (Postal Inspection)Linthicum 
Anne Arundel County Police DepartmentOdenton 
NCIS Resident Agency Patuxent River (Navy)Patuxent River 
32nd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Pikesvillex
Maryland State PolicePikesville 
Md. State Fire MarshalPikesvillex
Calvert County Sheriffs OfficePrince Frederickx
Maryland Army National GuardReistertown 
Md. Emergency Management Agency (MEMA)Reistertown 
Md. Joint Operations CenterReistertownx
Montgomery County Police Department Special Investigations DivisionRockvillex
NRC Information Assessment Team (IAT)Rockville 
Salisbury Resident Agency (FBI)Salisbury 
DOC Office of Security at NOAASilver Spring 
Baltimore County Police DepartmentTowsonx
Baltimore County SheriffTowsonx
Maryland Department of CorrectionsTowsonx
Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional ServicesTowson 
Prince George’s County SheriffUpper Marlborox
AFOSI/XILI (Air Force)Waldorf 
Carroll County Sheriff's OfficeWestminsterx
Maryland Coordination and Analysis Center (State Police)Woodlawnx

An emergency or disaster may occur in the State at any time under a myriad of circumstances and with no warning. Maryland, while cognizant of its identified hazards, plans in accordance with an all-hazards philosophy. Local jurisdictions have the capability to perform response and recovery operations for most emergencies but a disaster may be of such magnitude that incident requirements exceed local resources so that assistance from the State may be necessary. Because of the unique geographic and political position of the State, planning and emergency management by region (i.e., National Capital Region, DelMarVa) is maintained. Maryland is within FEMA Region III and participates in certain planning efforts with its partners Delaware, the District of Columbia, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. (As a result, response and recovery operations may require a partnership that may include local, state, regional, or Federal assistance.)”

Source: State of Maryland Core Plan for Emergency Operations, 2009


State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Hurricanes; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes
Domestic SecurityEarth Liberation Front
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
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Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and washingtonpost.com since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

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