Michigan

http://www.michigan.gov/

Michigan ranks 17th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations, and 12th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11 (tied with Indiana and Virginia). In dollar amount, the state ranked 22nd in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 10th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 39th in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Michigan by analyzing data, including the following: Michigan had 43 terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department, ranking second in the nation. Detroit is one of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism. U.S. intelligence refers to one major alleged terrorist plot related to Michigan having been thwarted since 9/11: the "underwear bomber" plot in 2009 involving indicted Northwest Airlines passenger Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab; the bomber's alleged intent was to blow up the plane en route to Detroit. The intelligence community also ranks Michigan in the top 10 states with the largest Muslim populations, a measure that it applies to potential threats of homegrown terrorist involvement.

Michigan is one of 22 states with more than one Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) and one of 16 states with more than one fusion center.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 77

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 23

70.1% Pre-9/11

29.9% Post-9/11

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Organizations

The Michigan State Police has identified seven homeland security regions in the state. The regions nearly mirror existing emergency management districts and Office of Public Health Preparedness (OPHP) biodefense network regions. Michigan is located in FEMA Region V; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Chicago.

OrganizationsFederalStateLocalTotal
Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
372443
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
0101
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
129223
Counterterrorism
Counterterrorism
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
5005
JTTFs
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
2002
Intelligence
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
3205
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
0202
Totals 5714677

Initiatives

  • Counterterrorism

    The Michigan Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) is located in Detroit, with a JTTF annex in Grand Rapids. The U.S. attorney chairs Anti-Terrorism Advisory Councils (ATACs) in Detroit and Grand Rapids.

  • Intelligence

    Michigan is a member of the Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN) and the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC). The Michigan State Police Intelligence Unit (IU) is a clearinghouse for statewide intelligence, investigative assistance and complex case charting in the areas of domestic terrorism, criminal motorcycle gangs and criminal street gangs. At the federal level, the FBI operates a Field Intelligence Group (FIG) in Detroit. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Detroit has jurisdiction over Michigan and Ohio. The Michigan High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area in Detroit performs criminal intelligence analysis.

  • Fusion

    Michigan operates two fusion centers: The Michigan Intelligence Operations Center (MIOC), established in 2006, has been designated as the state's primary fusion center and an all-hazards, all-crime center. The Michigan State Police (MSP) commands the MIOC, the State Emergency Operations Center and the MSP Watch Office, which are co-located with the MIOC. A Detroit and Southeast Michigan Information and Intelligence Center (DSEMIIC), made up of local jurisdictions in six surrounding counties, is under development.

  • Homeland Security

    The Michigan State Police Emergency Management and Homeland Security Division (EMHSD) has responsibility for responding to natural and human-caused emergencies and disasters statewide. The commanding officer of the EMHSD serves as the deputy state director of emergency management and the deputy state director of homeland security. The assistant adjutant general for homeland security within the Department of Military and Veterans Affairs serves as the chief adviser to the governor regarding homeland security. Homeland-security-specific institutions include the Michigan Infrastructure Coordinating Committee (MICC), the Michigan Intelligence Operations Center (MIOC), the state fusion center and the Critical Infrastructure and Key Resources (CIKR) desk. To assist in critical-infrastructure protection (CIP), DHS Protective Security Advisors are located in Detroit and Grand Rapids, and one of nine national DHS CIP Teams is located in Michigan to conduct assessments of selected critical assets. Detroit also operates an Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Management (HSEM).

  • Law Enforcement

    The Michigan State Police is the statewide law enforcement entity and includes a Field Services Bureau that conducts intelligence at the state level. The director of the Michigan State Police serves as the state director of emergency management and the state director of homeland security. The FBI's Detroit field office/Detroit division covers 83 counties in Michigan, including the Upper Peninsula. In addition to the main office in Detroit, the FBI has 11 satellite offices known as resident agencies, located in Ann Arbor, Bay City, Flint, Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo, Lansing, Macomb, Marquette, Oakland/Troy, St. Joseph and Traverse City.

  • Emergency Management

    The Michigan State Police Emergency Management and Homeland Security Division (EMHSD) is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness. The commanding officer of the EMHSD serves as the deputy state director of emergency management and the deputy state director of homeland security.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Macomb County Resident Agency (FBI)  
Oakland County Resident Agency (FBI)  
Ann Arbor Resident Agency (FBI)Ann Arbor 
Ann Arbor Satellite Office (ATF)Ann Arbor 
51st Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Augustax
Bay City Resident Agency (FBI)Bay City 
Trenton Station (Border Patrol)Brownstown 
Dearborn Police DepartmentDearbornx
Detroit and Southeast Michigan Information and Intelligence Center (DSEMIIC)Detroitx
Detroit Aviation Operations (ICE)Detroit 
Detroit Division (Postal Inspection)Detroit 
Detroit Field Division (ATF)Detroit 
Detroit Field Division (Drug Enforcement)Detroit 
Detroit Field OfficeDetroit 
Detroit Field Office (FBI)Detroit 
Detroit Field Office (ICE)Detroit 
Detroit Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Detroit 
Detroit Great Lakes Site (ICE)Detroit 
Detroit JTTF / Mich. JTTF (FBI)Detroitx
Detroit JTTF 308th Military Intelligence Battalion LiaisonDetroitx
Detroit Office of Homeland Security and Emergency ManagementDetroitx
Detroit Police DepartmentDetroitx
Detroit Resident Office (Military Sec.)Detroit 
Detroit Station (Border Patrol)Detroit 
DHS Office of Investigations Field Office DetroitDetroitx
Eastern District of Mich. ATAC (U.S. Attorney)Detroitx
FIG Detroit Office of Intelligence(ICE)Detroitx
Michigan IRS Criminal Investigation, Detroit Field OfficeDetroit 
Protective Security Advisor Detroit District (DHS)Detroitx
RAC Detroit Metro Airport (ICE)Detroit 
SAC Detroit (ICE)Detroit 
Southeast Mich. HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Detroit 
USAO Eastern District of Michigan (U.S. Attorney)Detroit 
USMS Eastern District of Michigan (Marshals)Detroit 
USSS Detroit (Secret Service)Detroit 
Wayne County Department of Homeland Security and Emergency ManagementDetroitx
West Great Lakes Customs Management Center (Customs)Detroit 
Mich. Homeland Security AdvisorEast Lansingx
Mich. State Police State Director of Homeland SecurityEast Lansingx
Michigan Department of State PoliceEast Lansing 
Michigan State University Police DepartmentEast Lansing 
Flint Resident Agency (FBI)Flint 
Flint Satellite Office/ Industry Operations (ATF)Flint 
ATAC Western District of Mich. (U.S. Attorney)Grand Rapidsx
Grand Rapids JTTF Annex (FBI)Grand Rapidsx
Grand Rapids Resident Agency (FBI)Grand Rapids 
Grand Rapids Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)Grand Rapids 
Kent County Sheriff's DepartmentGrand Rapids 
Protective Security Advisor Grand Rapids District (DHS)Grand Rapidsx
RAC Grand Rapids (ICE)Grand Rapids 
USAO Western District of Michigan (U.S. Attorney)Grand Rapids 
USMS Western District of Michigan (Marshals)Grand Rapids 
USSS Grand Rapids (Secret Service)Grand Rapids 
Kalamazoo Resident Agency (FBI)Kalamazoo 
Lansing Resident Agency (FBI)Lansing 
Lansing Satellite Office (ATF)Lansing 
Mich. Department of Management and BudgetLansingx
Mich. Dept. of Military and Veterans AffairsLansing 
Mich. Homeland Security and Emergency Management DivisionLansingx
Mich. Intelligence and Operations Center (MIOC)Lansing 
Michigan Air National GuardLansing 
Michigan Army National GuardLansing 
Michigan Citizen CorpsLansingx
Michigan Department of CorrectionsLansingx
Livonia Field Office (Defense Sec.)Livonia 
Marquette Resident Agency (FBI)Marquette 
Marysville Station (Border Patrol)Marysville 
St. Clair County Office of Homeland Security and Emergency ManagementPort Huronx
USSS Saginaw (Secret Service)Saginaw 
RAC Sault St. Marie (ICE)Sault St. Marie 
Sault Sainte Marie Station (Border Patrol)Sault Ste. Marie 
AFOSI Det 325 OL-D (Air Force)Selfridge ANGB 
Detroit Sector (Border Patrol)Selfridge ANGB 
Great Lakes Air and Marine Branch (Customs)Selfridge ANGBx
Traverse City Resident Agency (FBI)Traverse City 
Detroit Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)Troy 
North Central Fraud Field Office (U.S. Army)Troy 


State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyFloods; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes; Winter storms; Extreme cold
Domestic SecurityIslamic Assembly of North America
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
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The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and washingtonpost.com since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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