Montana ranks 36th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations (tied with Connecticut and West Virginia), and is one of four states that rank 45th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11. In dollar amount, the state ranked 45th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 46th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 16th in overall federal government expenditures.
U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Montana by analyzing data, including the following:
Montana is one of 13 states or territories where U.S. attorneys secured one terrorism conviction from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department.
The state contains no urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism.
The Montana Homeland Security Task Force was established on Oct. 18, 2001.
State security snapshot
Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 39
Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 7
Montana is located in FEMA Region VIII; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Denver.
The Helena Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) annex is subordinate to the FBI's Salt Lake City field office. Montana is a member of the Inland Northwest Regional Terrorism Task Force (with Idaho and Washington). The U.S. attorney also chairs an Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council (ATAC) in Billings.
Montana is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) and the Rocky Mountain Information Network (RMIN). The Montana Department of Corrections operates a Security Threat Group Task Force that is highly regarded for its gang intelligence analysis. At the federal level, the FBI Salt Lake City Field Intelligence Group (FIG) covers Montana. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Denver has jurisdiction over Montana.
The Montana All Threat Intelligence Center (MATIC), a component of the state Department of Justice's Division of Criminal Investigation, was established in 2003 and is designated the state's all-crimes fusion center. The MATIC is co-located with the FBI's Montana JTTF.
The Montana Homeland Security Task Force is led by the Division of Disaster and Emergency Services (DES) within the Department of Military Affairs (DES). To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a DHS Protective Security Advisor in Denver has jurisdiction over Montana.
The Montana Department of Justice is the statewide law enforcement agency and includes a Division of Criminal Investigation (DCI). Montana falls under the jurisdiction of the FBI's Salt Lake City field office. Resident agencies are located in Billings, Bozeman, Browning, Glasgow, Great Falls, Havre, Helena, Kalispell and Missoula.
The Montana Division of Disaster and Emergency Services, under the Department of Military Affairs, is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness and was designated the lead agency to support the Montana Homeland Security Task Force.
|Organization||City||Started since 9/11|
|Billings Resident Agency (FBI)||Billings|
|Billings Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)||Billings|
|Billings Satellite Office (ATF)||Billings|
|Montana ATAC (U.S. Attorney)||Billings||x|
|RA Billings (ICE)||Billings|
|USAO District of Montana (U.S. Attorney)||Billings|
|USMS District of Montana (Marshals)||Billings|
|Bozeman Resident Agency (FBI)||Bozeman|
|Browning Resident Agency (FBI)||Browning|
|83rd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)||Fort Harrison||x|
|Mont. National Guard JFHQ-MT||Fort Harrison||x|
|Montana Air National Guard||Fort Harrison|
|Montana Army National Guard||Fort Harrison|
|Montana Department of Military Affairs||Fort Harrison|
|Glasgow Resident Agency (FBI)||Glasgow|
|Great Falls Air and Marine Branch (Customs)||Great Falls||x|
|Great Falls Aviation Operations (Customs)||Great Falls|
|Great Falls Resident Agency (FBI)||Great Falls|
|RAC Great Falls (ICE)||Great Falls|
|USSS Great Falls (Secret Service)||Great Falls|
|Havre Aviation Operations (Customs)||Havre|
|Havre Resident Agency (FBI)||Havre|
|Havre Sector, Mont. (Border Patrol)||Havre|
|Helena JTTF Annex (FBI)||Helena||x|
|Helena Resident Agency (FBI)||Helena|
|Helena Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)||Helena|
|Mont. Division of Criminal Investigation||Helena|
|Mont. Division of Disaster and Emergency Services||Helena|
|Montana All Threat Intelligence Center (MATIC)||Helena||x|
|Montana Department of Justice||Helena|
|Montana Highway Patrol||Helena|
|Montana State Citizen Corps Council||Helena||x|
|RAC Helena (ICE)||Helena|
|Kalispell Resident Agency (FBI)||Kalispell|
|RAC Kalispell (ICE)||Kalispell|
|AFOSI Det 806 (Air Force)||Malmstrom AFB|
|Missoula Resident Agency (FBI)||Missoula|
|Missoula Satellite Office (ATF)||Missoula|
|Whitefish Station (Border Patrol)||Whitefish|
“The most dangerous variants of terrorism, nuclear, biological, or chemical violence, could affect Montana. The probability remains low. At present, the most likely form of nuclear, biological or chemical terrorism may be threat or hoax involving a nuclear device or sabotage. ... It is impossible to assess Montana's vulnerability to international terrorism. Although extremist groups exist within our state, it is unlikely that any terrorist act perpetrated by these groups would be of disastrous proportions statewide. Authorities on terrorism generally agree that terrorism cannot be wiped entirely. For the present, they see it as a problem to be managed, not solved.”Source: Is Montana at Risk? Identified Hazards for the State of Montana, Mt.gov
|Public Safety||Floods; Landslide and debris flow; Thunderstorms; Winter storms; Extreme cold|
|Domestic Security||None identified.|