New York

http://www.state.ny.us/

New York ranks fourth of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations (behind California, Florida and Texas), and eighth overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11. In dollar amount, the state ranked fourth in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and third in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 28th in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to New York by analyzing data, including the following: New York had 95 terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department, and ranks first in the nation. The U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York has secured almost a quarter of all terrorism convictions both because of its terrorism focus and because New York is the venue for many plots and arrests. Five metropolitan areas in the state have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism: New York City, Buffalo, Albany, Rochester and Syracuse. At least 11 major terrorist plots related to New York have been thwarted since 9/11: the "Lackawanna Six" plot in 2002; the Iyman Faris Brooklyn Bridge plot in 2003; the financial centers plot in New York City and Washington in 2004 involving Dhiren Barot; the Yassin Aref and Mohammed Hossain plot in Albany in 2004; the plot to bomb the New York subway and Madison Square Garden in 2004; the transatlantic liquid explosives plot in Washington, New York City and Los Angeles in 2006; the tunnels plot in New York in 2006 involving alleged terrorist Assem Hammoud; the JFK airport bomb plot in 2007; the James Cromitie plot to attack synagogues and military bases in 2009; the subway system plot involving Najibullah Zazi in 2009; and the Times Square bomb plot in 2010. New York is one of five states with the largest immigrant population in the nation, a measure that the Department of Homeland Security and the FBI associate with potential threats. In 2009, according to the DHS, New York ranked fourth in unauthorized immigrant population (behind California, Texas and Florida), with an estimated 550,000 unauthorized immigrants residing in the state. The intelligence community also ranks New York in the top 10 states with the largest Muslim populations, a measure that it applies to potential threats of homegrown terrorist involvement. New York has the largest number of "special interest aliens" (from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Egypt, according to U.S. intelligence) crossing its northern border.

In July 2010, the DHS awarded New York state $294 million in federal homeland security funding, a 2.4 percent increase from 2009 funding levels. The New York City Urban Area was awarded $151.5 million in Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI) funding, a 4.4 percent increase from 2009, and the most funding awarded to any UASI region in the nation. Moreover, the state was awarded $113.5 million in State Homeland Security Program (SHSP) funds, the most of any state in the nation.

New York City is thought to have the most sophisticated urban counterterrorism organization and capability in the world. The city devotes 1,000 police officers full-time to intelligence and counterterrorism efforts. The police department's budget is about $4 billion annually; the fire department's budget is more than $1 billion. New York state has six state-level fusion centers, the second most in the nation after California.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 161

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 31

80.7% Pre-9/11

19.3% Post-9/11

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Organizations

New York is divided into five emergency management regions. The state is located in FEMA Region II; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in New York City.

OrganizationsFederalStateLocalTotal
Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
7941295
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
1304
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
258235
Counterterrorism
Counterterrorism
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
110112
JTTFs
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
4004
Intelligence
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
96015
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
0606
Totals 1252115161

Initiatives

  • Counterterrorism

    New York hosts four Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs), including the New York City JTTF, the country's oldest and largest; the Buffalo JTTF (also known as the Western New York JTTF); the Albany JTTF (also known as the Northeastern New York State/Vermont JTTF); and the Rochester JTTF annex. The U.S. attorney chairs Anti-Terrorism Advisory Councils (ATACs) in Albany (Northern District), Brooklyn (Eastern District), Buffalo (Western District) and Manhattan (Southern District). The NYPD Counterterrorism Bureau, established in 2002, focuses on the threat of international and domestic terrorism in New York City. The bureau accomplishes this through its Borough Counterterrorism Coordinators; the JTTF; the Lower Manhattan Security Initiative (LMSI), which combines an increased police presence with technology to detect threats and deter pre-operational hostile surveillance; the Terrorism Threat Analysis Group (TTAG), which performs and disseminates strategic intelligence analysis, both open-source and classified; the Threat Reduction Infrastructure Protection Section (TRIPS), which develops protective security strategies for high-risk buildings; the Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Section, which develops and implements plans, policies and operations to detect and combat CBRNE threats; and the SHIELD Unit, which manages the NYPD's public-private security partnership.

  • Intelligence

    New York was one of six states to initially test the DHS Homeland Security Information System-Intel (HSIN-Intel) pilot, which allows fusion centers to directly share classified information to identify trends and patterns that may represent links to terrorism. New York is a member of the Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN) and the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC). The New York City Department of Correction's Intelligence Unit is one of the most active gang-analysis centers in the country. The NYPD Intelligence Division is one of the largest city-level intelligence agencies in the world, focusing on counterterrorism and operating a fusion center. The NYPD Terrorism Threat Analysis Group (TTAG) performs strategic intelligence analysis, both open-source and classified. At the federal level, the FBI operates Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs) in Albany, Buffalo and New York City. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in New York City has jurisdiction over metropolitan New York, and the FIG in Buffalo has jurisdiction over Upstate. The New York/New Jersey High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area performs criminal intelligence analysis for New York City; for Nassau, Suffolk and Westchester counties; and for parts of northern New Jersey.

  • Fusion

    New York state operates six fusion centers: The New York State Intelligence Center (NYSIC), established in 2003 by the New York State Police and the New York State Office of Homeland Security, is a multiagency intelligence center designed to collect and analyze information and to disseminate terrorist and criminal intelligence. The NYSIC has been designated the state-level fusion center and has developed a Field Intelligence Officer program consisting of 1,600 officers representing 85 percent of the state's law enforcement agencies. In 2010, the NYSIC was designated as one of 12 state agencies to be part of the new Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) Initiative. The NYPD Intelligence Division's fusion center, officially established in March 2002, is the all-crimes and counterterrorism component of the New York City Urban Area Security Initiative. The NYPD Terrorism Threat Analysis Group (TTAG) performs intelligence analysis for the fusion center and disseminates open-source and classified intelligence to government and private-sector partners, as well as the U.S. intelligence community. The Lower Manhattan Security Initiative, focused on protecting the financial infrastructure, operates a network of cameras, radiation detectors and license plate readers. A similar security zone is being developed around Midtown Manhattan. The all-crimes Rockland County Intelligence Center, originally established in 1995 and operated by Rockland County law enforcement agencies, shifted its emphasis after 9/11 to homeland security and counterterrorism as well as crime. The Suffolk County Police Department operates an Intelligence Center. The Upstate New York Regional Intelligence Center (UNYRIC), based in Latham, was established in 2003 and is operated by the New York State Police to facilitate the collection, analysis and dissemination of criminal intelligence, including drug intelligence, in Upstate areas. The Westchester County Crime Analysis Unit, a component of the Westchester County Police Department of Public Safety, operates as an all-crimes fusion center.

  • Homeland Security

    The New York State Office of Homeland Security, with offices in Albany and New York City, was created by executive order on Oct. 10, 2001, as the New York State Office of Public Security. The office coordinates homeland security strategy and counterterrorism. In June 2010, Gov. David Paterson proposed merging the Office of Homeland Security, the State Emergency Management Office, the State 911 Board, the Office of Cyber Security and Critical Infrastructure Coordination and the Office of Fire Prevention and Control into a new agency, the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Services. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, DHS Protective Security Advisors are located in Buffalo, Albany and New York City. New York also hosts one of three National Guard Critical Infrastructure Protection Mission Assurance Assessment (CIP-MAA) Teams charged with conducting assessments in support of the Defense Department's Defense Industrial Base (DIB). Federal Protective Service (FPS) Region 2 headquarters is located in New York.

  • Law Enforcement

    The New York State Police Department is the statewide law enforcement agency and includes an Office of Counter Terrorism and a Bureau of Criminal Investigation. The New York City Police Department (NYPD), the largest in the nation and the largest metropolitan agency in the state, is involved in all aspects of counterterorrism, intelligence and homeland security. The FBI's Albany, Buffalo and New York City field offices operate resident agencies and satellite offices in Binghamton, Elmira, Ithaca, Jamestown, Kingston, Plattsburgh, Rochester, Syracuse, Utica, Brooklyn-Queens (Kew Gardens), Hudson Valley (Goshen), John F. Kennedy IAP, Long Island (Melville) and White Plains.

  • Emergency Management

    The New York State Emergency Management Office (SEMO) is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Burke Station (Border Patrol)  
Champlain Station (Border Patrol)  
Long Island Satellite Office - Industry Operations (ATF)  
Albany Division (FBI)Albany 
Albany JTTF / Northeastern N.Y. State/ Vt. JTTF (FBI)Albanyx
Albany Police DepartmentAlbanyx
Albany Satellite Office (ATF)Albany 
ATAC Northern District of N.Y. (U.S. Attorney)Albanyx
N.Y. State Emergency Management Office (SEMO)Albany 
N.Y. State Office of Homeland SecurityAlbanyx
New York State Citizen CorpsAlbanyx
New York State PoliceAlbany 
Protective Security Advisor Albany District (DHS)Albanyx
RAC Albany (ICE)Albany 
USAO Northern District of New York (U.S. Attorney)Albany 
USSS Albany (Secret Service)Albany 
RAC Alexandria Bay (ICE)Alexandria Bay 
Bath Satellite Office (ATF)Bath 
Binghamton Resident Agency (FBI)Binghamton 
Eastern District of N.Y. ATAC (U.S. Attorney)Brooklynx
N.Y. City Office of Emergency ManagementBrooklyn 
N.Y./N.J. Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Brooklyn 
New York Field Division (ATF)Brooklyn 
USAO Eastern District of New York (U.S. Attorney)Brooklyn 
USMS Eastern District of New York (Marshals)Brooklyn 
USSS New York (Secret Service)Brooklyn 
ATAC Western District of N.Y. (U.S. Attorney)Buffalox
Buffalo Aviation Operations (Customs)Buffalo 
Buffalo Division (FBI)Buffalo 
Buffalo Field Office (ICE)Buffalo 
Buffalo Field Office (Postal Inspection)Buffalo 
Buffalo Great Lakes Site (Customs)Buffalo 
Buffalo Homeland SecurityBuffalox
Buffalo JTTF / Western N.Y. JTTF (FBI)Buffalox
Buffalo Police DepartmentBuffalo 
Buffalo Post of Duty (Defense)Buffalo 
Buffalo Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Buffalo 
Buffalo Satellite Office (ATF)Buffalo 
Buffalo Sector (Border Patrol)Buffalo 
DHS Office of Investigations Field Office BuffaloBuffalox
E. Great Lakes Customs Management CenterBuffalo 
Erie County Sheriffs OfficeBuffalo 
FIG Buffalo Office of Intelligence(ICE)Buffalox
Protective Security Advisor Buffalo District (DHS)Buffalox
Upstate N.Y. Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Buffalo 
USAO Western District of New York (U.S. Attorney)Buffalo 
USMS Western District of New York (Marshals)Buffalo 
USSS Buffalo (Secret Service)Buffalo 
RAC Castle Point (ICE)Castle Point 
Syracuse Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)Dewitt 
Elmira Resident Agency (FBI)Elmira 
62nd Military Police Detachment (CID) (U.S. Army)Ft. Drum 
New England Resident Office (Military Intel.)Ft. Drum 
Fort Hamilton CID Office (U.S. Army)Ft. Hamilton 
Counterterrorism Lead Development Center (CT-LDC)Garden Cityx
Hudson Valley Resident Agency (FBI)Goshen 
Westchester County Crime Analysis Unit (County Police)Hawthornex
Westchester County Police DepartmentHawthorne 
Ithaca Resident Agency (FBI)Ithaca 
JFK Airport Resident Agency (FBI)Jamaica 
Resident Agent in Charge/JFK Airport (ICE)Jamaica 
USSS JFK Airport (Secret Service)Jamaica 
Jamestown Resident Agency (FBI)Jamestown 
Brooklyn-Queens Resident Agency (FBI)Kew Gardens 
Kingston Resident Agency (FBI)Kingston 
Lackawanna Police DepartmentLackawanna 
Albany District Office (Drug Enforcement)Latham 
N.Y. Army National Guard JFHQLathamx
N.Y. State Division of Military and Naval Affairs / New York National GuardLatham 
N.Y. State Intelligence Center (NYSIC)Lathamx
New York Adjutant General (TAG)Latham 
New York Air National GuardLatham 
Upstate N.Y. Regional Intelligence Center (State Police)Lathamx
Syracuse Field Office (Defense Sec.)Liverpool 
Niagara County Sheriffs OfficeLockport 
Massena Station (Border Patrol)Massena 
RAC Massena (ICE)Massena 
Long Island District Office (Drug Enforcement)Melville 
Long Island Resident Agency (FBI)Melville 
Melville Satellite Office (ATF)Melville 
New York Resident Agency (Defense)Melville 
USSS Melville (Secret Service)Melville 
AFOSI Det 325 OL-N (Air Force)Mitchell Field 
Rockland County Intelligence Center (RCIC) (Sherrif)New City 
Rockland County Sheriff's OfficeNew City 
AFOSI Det 426 New York JTTF (Air Force)New York 
ATAC Southern District of N.Y. (U.S. Attorney)New Yorkx
Defense Coordinating Officer/Element FEMA Region II (NORTHCOM)New Yorkx
FEMA Region IINew York 
FIG New York Office of Intelligence(ICE)New Yorkx
FPS Region 2-New York, NY (Fed. Protective Service)New York 
N.Y. and New York City JTTFs (FBI)New York 
N.Y. City Customs Management CenterNew York 
N.Y. City Field Office Varick St. Facility (ICE)New York 
N.Y. City Police Department (NYPD) Office of the Deputy Commissioner for CounterterrorismNew Yorkx
N.Y. City Police Department (NYPD) Terrorism Threat Analysis GroupNew York 
N.Y. City Police Department Counterterrorism BureauNew Yorkx
N.Y. City Police Department Intelligence Division (NYPD INTEL) / New York City UASI Fusion CenterNew York 
N.Y. Field Division (Drug Enforcement)New York 
N.Y. Office of Homeland SecurityNew Yorkx
N.Y./N.J. HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)New York 
NCIS Rep. to FBI/NYPD JTTF (Navy)New York 
NCIS Resident Unit New York (Navy)New York 
New York City Aviation Operations (Customs)New York 
New York Division (Postal Inspection)New York 
New York Field OfficeNew York 
New York Field Office (ATF)New York 
New York Field Office (Diplomatic Sec.)New York 
New York Field Office (FBI)New York 
New York Field Office (ICE)New York 
New York IRS Criminal Investigation, New York Field OfficeNew York 
New York JTTF 308th Military Intelligence Battalion LiaisonNew York 
Northeast Field Intelligence Unit (ICE)New Yorkx
Port Authority of N.Y. and N.J.New York 
Protective Security Advisor New York District (DHS)New Yorkx
SAC New York (ICE)New York 
USAO Southern District of New York (U.S. Attorney)New York 
USMS Southern District of New York (Marshals)New York 
AFOSI Det 325 OL-P (Air Force)Niagara Falls 
Niagara Falls Police DepartmentNiagara Falls 
Niagara Falls Site (Customs)Niagara Falls 
Niagara Falls Station (Border Patrol)Niagara Falls 
Ogdensburg Station (Border Patrol)Ogdensburg 
Plattsburg Air and Marine Branch (Customs)Plattsburghx
Plattsburgh Aviation Operations (Customs)Plattsburgh 
Plattsburgh Resident Agency (FBI)Plattsburgh 
Rochester Great Lakes Site (Customs)Rochester 
Rochester JTTF Annex (FBI)Rochesterx
Rochester Resident Agency (FBI)Rochester 
Rochester Satellite Office (ATF)Rochester 
Rochester Station (Border Patrol)Rochester 
USSS Rochester (Secret Service)Rochester 
AFOSI Det 102 OL-A (Air Force)Rome 
RAC Rouses Point (ICE)Rouses Point 
NCIS Representative Schenectady (Navy)Schenectady 
Schenectady Police DepartmentSchenectadyx
2nd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Scotia 
N.Y. National Guard Counterdrug ProgramScotia 
N.Y. State Counterdrug CoordinatorScotia 
RA Syracuse (ICE)Syracuse 
Syracuse Resident Agency (Defense)Syracuse 
Syracuse Resident Agency (FBI)Syracuse 
Syracuse Satellite Office (ATF)Syracuse 
USMS Northern District of New York (Marshals)Syracuse 
USSS Syracuse (Secret Service)Syracuse 
Buffalo Station (Border Patrol)Tonawanda 
Troy Police DepartmentTroyx
Brookhaven Office (Dept. of Energy)Upton 
Northeast Regional CI Office (Dept. of Energy)Upton 
Utica Resident Agency (FBI)Utica 
Wellesley Island Station (Border Patrol)Wellesley Island 
West Point CID Office (U.S. Army)West Point 
Nassau County Police DepartmentWestbury 
USSS White Plains (Secret Service)White Plains 
White Plains Resident Agency (FBI)White Plains 
White Plains Satellite Office (ATF)White Plains 
Resident Agent in Charge - Buffalo (ICE)Williamsville 
SAC Buffalo (ICE)Williamsville 
SAC New York (ICE)Williamsville 
Town of Amherst Police DepartmentWilliamsville 
Suffolk County Intelligence CenterYaphankx

Buildings in dense urban environments are vulnerable to several different forms of terrorist attack. To date, threats from explosive devices have been most common; in the future, threats from chemical, biological, and radiological weapons may grow with the proliferation of those technologies.”

Source: Engineering Security: Protective Design for High Risk Buildings, NYPD, 2009


State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Hurricanes; Thunderstorms; Winter storms; Extreme cold
Domestic SecurityHomegrown Islamic terrorists; White supremacists
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
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The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and washingtonpost.com since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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