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North Carolina

North Carolina ranks 21st of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations (tied with Massachusetts), and 28th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11 (tied with Alaska and New Jersey). In dollar amount, the state ranked 25th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 18th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 43rd in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to North Carolina by analyzing data, including the following: * North Carolina had seven terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department. * Charlotte is one of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism. * North Carolina has the largest and fastest-growing immigrant population in the nation, a measure that the Department of Homeland Security and the FBI associate with potential threats. In 2009, according to the DHS, North Carolina ranked eighth in the nation in unauthorized immigrant population, with an estimated 370,000 unauthorized immigrants residing in the state. North Carolina has three FBI Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs) and is one of 22 states with more than one JTTF. North Carolina is also one of 16 states with more than one fusion center, and one of six with three centers.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 67

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 13

80.6% Pre-9/11

19.4% Post-9/11

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North Carolina is divided into nine domestic preparedness regions. The state is located in FEMA Region IV; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Atlanta.

Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
Totals 5412167


  • Counterterrorism

    The North Carolina Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) is located in Charlotte, with JTTF annexes in Fayetteville (the home of Fort Bragg and Joint Special Operations Command) and Greenville. The U.S. attorney chairs Anti-Terrorism Advisory Councils (ATACs) in Charlotte, Raleigh and Greensboro.

  • Intelligence

    North Carolina is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) and the Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC). The state is also a member of Southern Shield, a consortium of homeland security and law enforcement officials from 14 Southeastern states and territories. At the federal level, the FBI operates a Field Intelligence Group (FIG) in Charlotte. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Atlanta has jurisdiction over North Carolina.

  • Fusion

    North Carolina has one state-level and two regional fusion centers: The North Carolina Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ISAAC) in Raleigh, a component of the State Bureau of Investigation, is the state-level center. The Eastern Regional Information Center (ERIC), managed by the New Bern Police Department, covers eastern North Carolina. The Charlotte Regional Information and Analysis Center (CRIAC), managed by the Charlotte Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI), covers western North Carolina.

  • Homeland Security

    The North Carolina Homeland Security Branch, within the Department of Crime Control and Public Safety's Division of Emergency Management, coordinates homeland security planning at the state and regional levels. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a DHS Protective Security Advisor is located in Charlotte.

  • Law Enforcement

    The North Carolina Department of Crime Control and Public Safety is the statewide law enforcement agency and includes the Highway Patrol and an Emergency Management Division. The State Bureau of Investigation (SBI) has jurisdiction over drug and arson investigations, election laws, child sex abuse in day-care centers, and crimes involving theft and misuse of state property. The FBI's Charlotte field office operates resident agencies and satellite offices in Asheville, Elizabeth City, Fayetteville, Greensboro, Greenville, Hickory, Raleigh and Wilmington. The Coast Guard National Strike Force Coordination Center is located in Elizabeth City.

  • Emergency Management

    The North Carolina Division of Emergency Management, part of the Department of Crime Control and Public Safety, is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Asheville Resident Agency (FBI)Asheville 
Asheville Satellite Office (ATF)Asheville 
NCIS Carolinas Field Office (Navy)Camp Lejeune 
NCIS Technical Services Detachment Camp Lejeune (Navy)Camp Lejeune 
ASAC Charlotte (ICE)Charlotte 
ATAC Western District of N.C. (U.S. Attorney)Charlottex
Charlotte Division (Postal Inspection)Charlotte 
Charlotte Field Division (ATF)Charlotte 
Charlotte Field OfficeCharlotte 
Charlotte Field Office (FBI)Charlotte 
Charlotte Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Charlotte 
Charlotte JTTF / N.C. JTTF (FBI)Charlottex
Charlotte Metro Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Charlotte 
Charlotte Regional Information Analysis CenterCharlotte 
Metro-Charlotte Electronic/Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Charlotte 
North Carolina Air National GuardCharlotte 
Protective Security Advisor Charlotte District (DHS)Charlottex
USAO Western District of North Carolina (U.S. Attorney)Charlotte 
USMS Western District of North Carolina (Marshals)Charlotte 
USSS Charlotte (Secret Service)Charlotte 
NCIS Resident Agency Cherry Point (Navy)Cherry Point 
Elizabeth City Resident Agency (FBI)Elizabeth City 
10th Military Police Battalion (CID) (ABN) (U.S. Army)Fayetteville 
Army Operations Activity Detachment Fort Bragg (Military Intel.)Fayettevillex
Fayetteville Resident Agency (FBI)Fayetteville 
Fayetteville Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)Fayetteville 
Fayettteville JTTF (FBI)Fayettevillex
Fort Bragg Military Intelligence DetachmentFayetteville 
Fort Bragg CID Office (U.S. Army)Ft. Bragg 
North Carolina Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)Ft. Bragg 
42nd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Greeenvillex
ATAC Middle District of N.C. (U.S. Attorney)Greensborox
Greensboro Resident Agency (FBI)Greensboro 
Greensboro Resident Office (Diplomatic Sec.)Greensboro 
Greensboro Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Greensboro 
Greensboro Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)Greensboro 
USAO Middle District of North Carolina (U.S. Attorney)Greensboro 
USMS Middle District of North Carolina (Marshals)Greensboro 
USSS Greensboro (Secret Service)Greensboro 
Greenville JTTF Annex (FBI)Greenvillex
Greenville Resident Agency (FBI)Greenville 
Hickory Resident Agency (FBI)Hickory 
Raleigh Resident Office (Defense Sec.)Morrisville 
Eastern Regional Information Center (ERIC)New Bernx
AFOSI Det 324 (Air Force)Pope AFB 
Eastern District of N.C. ATAC (U.S. Attorney)Raleighx
N.C. Dept. of Crime Control and Public SafetyRaleigh 
N.C. Emergency Management Agency / North Carolina Division of Emergency ManagementRaleigh 
N.C. Information Sharing and Analysis Center (N.C. Bur. of Investigations)Raleighx
N.C. National Guard JFHQRaleighx
North Carolina Army National GuardRaleigh 
North Carolina Bureau of InvestigationRaleigh 
North Carolina Commission on Volunteerism & Community Service, Citizen CorpsRaleighx
North Carolina State Highway PatrolRaleigh 
RAC Raleigh (ICE)Raleigh 
Raleigh Police DepartmentRaleigh 
Raleigh Resident Agency (Defense)Raleigh 
Raleigh Resident Agency (FBI)Raleigh 
Raleigh Satellite Office (ATF)Raleigh 
USAO Eastern District of North Carolina (U.S. Attorney)Raleigh 
USMS Eastern District of North Carolina (Marshals)Raleigh 
USSS Raleigh (Secret Service)Raleigh 
AFOSI Det 216 (Air Force)Seymour Johnson AFB 
RAC Wilmington (ICE)Wilmington 
Wilmington Resident Agency (FBI)Wilmington 
Wilmington Satellite Office (ATF)Wilmington 
RAC Winston-Salem (ICE)Winston-Salem 

Historically, North Carolina has not been a prime target for terrorism. The threat is worldwide; however, and it cannot be ignored. The US Military has been a frequent target for terrorists, and since North Carolina has a very significant military presence, the threat is increased. There are other targets as well. Terrorist activity may range from hostage situations to threats against fixed nuclear facilities.”

Source: State of North Carolina Emergency Operations Plan, April 2009

State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyFloods; Hurricanes; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes; Winter storms; Extreme cold
Domestic SecurityJamaat ul-Fuqra; White supremacists
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
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The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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