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Ohio ranks 10th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations (tied with Colorado), and ninth overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11. In dollar amount, the state ranked 16th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and eighth in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 37th in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Ohio by analyzing data, including the following: * Ohio had 11 terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department, and ranks 10th in the nation. * The state has four of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism: Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus and Toledo. * One major terrorist plot relating to Ohio has been thwarted since 9/11: the Mohammad Zaki Amawi plot in Toledo in 2006, in which he and two others planned a "holy war" against American troops in Iraq. * The intelligence community ranks Ohio in the top 10 states with the largest Muslim populations, a measure that it applies to potential threats of homegrown terrorist involvement. Ohio has four fusion centers, more than any other state except California, New York and Texas. Ohio also ranks fourth in the nation (tying New York) with four FBI Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs).

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 102

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 29

71.6% Pre-9/11

28.4% Post-9/11

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Ohio is located in FEMA Region V; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Chicago.

Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
Totals 711714102


  • Counterterrorism

    Ohio has four Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs) -- one in each FBI field office (Cincinnatti and Cleveland) and two JTTF annexes in Dayton and in Toledo. The Cincinnatti JTTF is also known as the Southern Ohio JTTF. The U.S. attorney chairs Anti-Terrorism Advisory Councils (ATACs) in Cleveland and Columbus. The Criminal Intelligence Unit of the Ohio State Highway Patrol provides staffing for each of the four JTTFs.

  • Intelligence

    Ohio is a member of the Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN) and the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC). At the federal level, the FBI operates Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs) in Cincinnati and Cleveland. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Detroit has jurisdiction over Ohio. The Ohio High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area in Brooklyn Heights performs criminal intelligence analysis.

  • Fusion

    Ohio has four fusion centers: The Ohio Strategic Analysis and Information Center (SAIC), established in 2005, is a component of Ohio Homeland Security, a division of the Department of Public Safety. It is under the day-to-day operation of the State Highway Patrol and was designated as Ohio's primary state fusion center in 2008. The SAIC opened a new 9,000-square-foot facility in September 2010. It houses Ohio's 39 state and federal agencies participating in counterterrorism. The Northeast Ohio Regional Fusion Center (NEORF) (formerly the Northeast Ohio Regional Terrorism Early Warning Group) in Cleveland is a component of the Cuyahoga County Department of Justice Affairs. The Cincinnati/Hamilton County Regional Terrorism Early Warning Group is a component of the Cincinnati Police Department and Hamilton County Homeland Security. The Central Ohio Terrorism Early Warning Group, a component of the Columbus Division of Police, is not certified by the federal government.

  • Homeland Security

    Ohio Homeland Security, a component of the Department of Public Safety, is the lead agency for collecting, analyzing, maintaining and disseminating information to support local, state and federal agencies and private organizations in detecting, deterring, preventing, preparing for, responding to and recovering from threatened or actual terrorist events. The Ohio Homeland Security Office of Protection and Security, established in July 2004, is responsible for protecting and ensuring the continuity of the state's critical infrastructure and key resources. To assist in this effort, DHS Protective Security Advisors are located in Cincinnati and Cleveland. Coast Guard District 9, the only inland district, is headquartered in Cleveland.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Ohio State Highway Patrol is the statewide law enforcement agency. The FBI's Cincinnati and Cleveland field offices operate resident agencies and satellite offices in Akron, Athens, Cambridge, Canton, Columbus, Dayton, Elyria, Lima, Mansfield, Painesville, Portsmouth, Sandusky, Toledo and Youngstown.

  • Emergency Management

    The Ohio Emergency Management Agency, a component of the Department of Public Safety, is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Akron Resident Agency (FBI)Akron 
USSS Akron (Secret Service)Akron 
Athens Resident Agency (FBI)Athens 
Youngstown Resident Agency (FBI)Boardman 
Ohio HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Brooklyn Heights 
Cambridge Resident Agency (FBI)Cambridge 
Canton Resident Agency (FBI)Canton 
Cincinnati Aviation Operations (Customs)Cincinnati 
Cincinnati Division (FBI)Cincinnati 
Cincinnati Field OfficeCincinnati 
Cincinnati Field Office (ATF)Cincinnati 
Cincinnati Field Office (Postal Inspection)Cincinnati 
Cincinnati JTTF / Southern Ohio JTTF (FBI)Cincinnatix
Cincinnati Regional Terrorism Early Warning Group / Hamilton County Regional TEWGCincinnatix
Cincinnati Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Cincinnati 
Hamilton County Sheriff's OfficeCincinnati 
Ohio IRS Criminal Investigation, Cincinnati Field OfficeCincinnati 
Protective Security Advisor Cincinnati District (DHS)Cincinnatix
RAC Cincinnati (ICE)Cincinnati 
USSS Cincinnati (Secret Service)Cincinnati 
ASAC Cleveland (ICE)Cleveland 
ATAC Northern District of Ohio (U.S. Attorney)Clevelandx
Cleveland Department of Public SafetyClevelandx
Cleveland Division (FBI)Clevelandx
Cleveland Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Cleveland 
Cleveland Field OfficeCleveland 
Cleveland Field Office (ATF)Cleveland 
Cleveland Field Office (Postal Inspection)Cleveland 
Cleveland Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Cleveland 
Cleveland JTTF (FBI)Clevelandx
Cleveland Office of Homeland SecurityClevelandx
Cleveland Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Cleveland 
Cuyahoga County Department of Justice AffairsClevelandx
Cuyahoga County Fire Chief’s AssociationClevelandx
Cuyahoga County Sheriff’s OfficeClevelandx
Greater Cleveland Regional Transit AuthorityClevelandx
NCIS Resident Unit Cleveland (Navy)Cleveland 
Northeast Ohio Regional Fusion Center (NEORF) (Dept. of Justice Affairs)Clevelandx
Protective Security Advisor Cleveland District (DHS)Clevelandx
USAO Northern District of Ohio (U.S. Attorney)Cleveland 
USMS Northern District of Ohio (Marshals)Cleveland 
USSS Cleveland (Secret Service)Cleveland 
52nd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Columbusx
ATAC Southern District of Ohio (U.S. Attorney)Columbusx
Central Ohio InfraGard Chapter (FBI)Columbus 
Central Ohio Terrorism Early Warning GroupColumbus 
Columbia Division (FBI)Columbus 
Columbus Field Division (ATF)Columbus 
Columbus Field Office (ATF)Columbus 
Columbus Fire DepartmentColumbusx
Columbus Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)Columbus 
Columbus PoliceColumbus 
Columbus Post of Duty (Defense)Columbus 
Columbus Resident Agency (FBI)Columbus 
Columbus Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Columbus 
Defense Industrial Service Clearance Office (DISCO) (Defense Sec.)Columbus 
Franklin County Sheriff’s OfficeColumbusx
Ohio Adjutant General (TAG)Columbus 
Ohio Air National GuardColumbus 
Ohio Army National GuardColumbus 
Ohio Community Service Council / Ohio Citizen CorpsColumbusx
Ohio Division of Homeland SecurityColumbusx
Ohio Emergency Management AgencyColumbus 
Ohio Law Enforcement Support OfficeColumbus 
Ohio National Guard JFHQColumbusx
Ohio State Highway PatrolColumbus 
RAC Columbus (ICE)Columbus 
Strategic Analysis and Information Center (SAIC) (Dept. of Public Safety)Columbusx
Upper Arlington Police DepartmentColumbus 
USAO Southern District of Ohio (U.S. Attorney)Columbus 
USMS Southern District of Ohio (Marshals)Columbus 
USSS Columbus (Secret Service)Columbus 
Dayton JTTF (FBI)Daytonx
Dayton Resident Agency (Defense)Dayton 
Dayton Resident Agency (FBI)Dayton 
USSS Dayton (Secret Service)Dayton 
Lima Resident Agency (FBI)Lima 
Ohio Attorney General's OfficeLondon 
Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification and InvestigationLondon 
Elyria Resident Agency (FBI)Lorain 
Mansfield Resident Agency (FBI)Mansfield 
Cleveland Post of Duty (Defense)Middleburg Heights 
Painesville Resident Agency (FBI)Painesville 
Portsmouth Resident Agency (FBI)Portsmouth 
Sandusky Resident Agency (FBI)Sandusky 
Lucas County SheriffToledo 
Toledo Field Office (ATF)Toledo 
Toledo JTTF 308th Military Intelligence Battalion LiaisonToledox
Toledo JTTF Annex (FBI)Toledox
Toledo JTTF (Coast Guard, FBI)Toledox
Toledo Resident Agency (FBI)Toledo 
University of Toledo Police DepartmentToledox
USSS Toledo (Secret Service)Toledo 
AFOSI Det 101 OL-C (Air Force)Vienna 
Westerville Police DivisionWestervillex
Worthington Police DepartmentWorthingtonx
AFOSI 2 FIS OL-B (Air Force)Wright-Patterson AFB 
AFOSI Det 101 (Air Force)Wright-Patterson AFB 
AFOSI Det 702 (Air Force)Wright-Patterson AFB 
AFOSI Region 1 (Air Force)Wright-Patterson AFB 
AFOSI Region 8 OL-A (Air Force)Wright-Patterson AFB 
Youngstown Field Office (ATF)Youngstown 

The Nation's domestic incident management landscape changed dramatically following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Today's threat environment in the United States and in the State of Ohio includes not only the traditional spectrum of manmade and natural hazards -- wildland and urban fires, floods, hazardous materials releases, transportation accidents, tornadoes, blizzards, drought, pandemics, and disruptions to the information technology infrastructure -- but also the threat of devastating terrorist attacks using chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high explosive weapons.”

Source: Ohio Emergency Operations Plan, 2009

State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes; Winter storms; Extreme cold
Domestic SecurityNone identified.
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
"Top Secret America" is a project nearly two years in the making that describes the huge national security buildup in the United States after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. | Read More »

More than a dozen Washington Post journalists spent two years developing Top Secret America. | See the details »


Top Secret America on Frontline

A short video from PBS’s FRONTLINE on The Post’s two-year investigation. An hour-long documentary film is forthcoming. Watch the trailer »

The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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