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Oklahoma ranks 19th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations (tied with New Jersey), and 20th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11 (tied with Illinois). In dollar amount, the state ranked 23rd in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 20th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 26th in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Oklahoma by analyzing data, including the following: * Oklahoma is one of 13 states or territories where U.S. attorneys secured one terrorism conviction from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department. * The state has two of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism: Oklahoma City and Tulsa. The domestic terrorist attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City in 1995 inaugurated the modern era of domestic homeland security, but it was not until after 9/11 that the state developed its own counterterrorism apparatus. Executive Order 2001-36 of Oct. 22, 2001, established the Governor’s Security and Preparedness Executive Panel to develop "a comprehensive state strategy to protect the citizens of Oklahoma from the threat of terrorist attacks.” Three years later, legislation codified the Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security; in 2007 the governor signed another executive order creating a statewide fusion center. Oklahoma is one of 22 states with more than one Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF).

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 67

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 16

76.1% Pre-9/11

23.9% Post-9/11

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Oklahoma is divided into eight regions for the purpose of planning, protecting, providing funding and responding to an incident. Both the Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security (OKOHS) and the Oklahoma State Department of Health (OSDH) utilize these regions. The state is located in FEMA Region VI; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Denton, Tex.

Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
Totals 4221467


  • Counterterrorism

    The Oklahoma Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) is located in Oklahoma City, with a JTTF annex in Tulsa. The U.S. attorney chairs Anti-Terrorism Advisory Councils (ATACs) in Oklahoma City, Muskogee and Tulsa.

  • Intelligence

    Oklahoma is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) and the Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC). At the federal level, the FBI operates a Field Intelligence Group (FIG) in Oklahoma City. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Dallas has jurisdiction over Oklahoma.

  • Fusion

    The Oklahoma Information Fusion Center, a component of the state Office of Homeland Security and the Oklahoma Highway Patrol, is the state-designated fusion center.

  • Homeland Security

    The Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security (OKOHS) coordinates initiatives to prevent, reduce vulnerability to, and prepare to respond to and recover from any terrorist attacks. The office was first organized in July 2002 and included a mandate to create Homeland Security Regional Advisory Councils throughout the state. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a DHS Protective Security Advisor is located in Oklahoma City.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Oklahoma Department of Public Safety is the statewide law enforcement agency. The Oklahoma Statistical Analysis Center (SAC), housed in the Oklahoma State Bureau of Investigation (OSBI), serves as the state clearinghouse for criminal justice information. The FBI's Oklahoma City field office operates resident agencies and satellite offices in Ardmore, Durant, Elk City, Enid, Lawton, McAlester, Muskogee, Norman, Stillwater, Tulsa, Vinita and Woodward.

  • Emergency Management

    The Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
AFOSI Det 422 (Air Force)Altus AFB 
Ardmore Resident Agency (FBI)Ardmore 
Durant Resident Agency (FBI)Durant 
Elk City Resident Agency (FBI)Elk City 
Enid Resident Agency (FBI)Enid 
90th Military Police Detachment (CID) (U.S. Army)Ft. Sill 
Fort Sill Resident Office (Military Intel.)Ft. Sill 
Lawton Resident Agency (FBI)Lawton 
McAlester Resident Agency (FBI)McAlester 
Eastern District of Okla. ATAC (U.S. Attorney)Muskogeex
Muskogee Resident Agency (FBI)Muskogee 
Muskogee Satellite Office (ATF)Muskogee 
USAO Eastern District of Oklahoma (U.S. Attorney)Muskogee 
USMS Eastern District of Oklahoma (Marshals)Muskogee 
63rd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Normanx
Norman Resident Agency (FBI)Norman 
ATAC Western District of Okla. (U.S. Attorney)Oklahoma Cityx
Okla. Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs Control (OBNDD)Oklahoma City 
Okla. Department of AgricultureOklahoma City 
Okla. Department of Emergency ManagmeentOklahoma City 
Okla. Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Oklahoma City 
Oklahoma Adjutant General (TAG)Oklahoma City 
Oklahoma Air National GuardOklahoma City 
Oklahoma Army National GuardOklahoma City 
Oklahoma Association of Police ChiefsOklahoma City 
Oklahoma Attorney GeneralOklahoma City 
Oklahoma City District Office (Drug Enforcement)Oklahoma City 
Oklahoma City Division (FBI)Oklahoma City 
Oklahoma City Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Oklahoma City 
Oklahoma City JTTF (FBI)Oklahoma Cityx
Oklahoma City Police DepartmentOklahoma City 
Oklahoma City Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)Oklahoma City 
Oklahoma Department of Public SafetyOklahoma City 
Oklahoma Information Fusion Center (OIFC)Oklahoma Cityx
Oklahoma Sheriff’s AssociationOklahoma City 
Oklahoma State Bureau of InvestigationOklahoma City 
Oklahoma State Citizen CorpsOklahoma Cityx
Okla. National Guard CounterdrugOklahoma City 
Okla. National Guard Joint Force HeadquartersOklahoma Cityx
Okla. Office of Homeland SecurityOklahoma Cityx
Okla. State Department of HealthOklahoma City 
Protective Security Advisor Oklahoma City District (DHS)Oklahoma Cityx
RAC Oklahoma City (ICE)Oklahoma City 
USAO Western District of Oklahoma (U.S. Attorney)Oklahoma City 
USMS Western District of Oklahoma (Marshals)Oklahoma City 
USSS Oklahoma City (Secret Service)Oklahoma City 
Stillwater Resident Agency (FBI)Stilwater 
AFOSI Det 114 (Air Force)Tinker AFB 
ATAC Northern District of Okla. (U.S. Attorney)Tulsax
Oklahoma Highway PatrolTulsax
Okla. Region VII-Terrorism Early Warning Group (OK7TEW) / Tulsa TEWTulsax
Tulsa Area Emergency Management AgencyTulsax
Tulsa County Sheriff's OfficeTulsax
Tulsa Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Tulsa 
Tulsa Fire DepartmentTulsax
Tulsa JTTF Annex (FBI)Tulsax
Tulsa Police DepartmentTulsa 
Tulsa Resident AgencyTulsa 
Tulsa Resident Agency (FBI)Tulsa 
Tulsa Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Tulsa 
Tulsa Satellite Office (ATF)Tulsa 
USAO Norhtern District of Oklahoma (U.S. Attorney)Tulsa 
USMS Northern District of Oklahoma (Marshals)Tulsa 
USSS Tulsa (Secret Service)Tulsa 
AFOSI Det 438 (Air Force)Vance AFB 
Vinita Resident Agency (FBI)Vinita 
Woodward Resident Agency (FBI)Woodward 

The risk of a terrorist incident in Oklahoma is assumed to be low but the effects would be high and of national significance. The proven ability of the state to respond to natural disasters will significantly strengthen the response and recovery from potential acts of terrorism.”

Source: State of Oklahoma Emergency Operations Plan, 2006

The City of Norman is more vulnerable to acts of terrorism than most other cities in Oklahoma due to the number of high profile targets. Most of these high profile targets are located on the campus of the University of Oklahoma. Examples include Memorial Stadium, the Lloyd Noble Center and the Sam Noble Museum of Natural History. The City of Norman is potentially vulnerable to both domestic and international terrorism.”

Source: City of Norman Emergency Operations Plan, Annex R: Terrorism

State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes; Wildfires; Winter storms; Extreme cold
Domestic SecurityAryan Nations; Jamaat ul-Fuqra; White supremacists
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
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The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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