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Pennsylvania ranks 13th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations, and 16th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11 (tied with Missouri and Tennessee). In dollar amount, the state ranked 15th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and sixth in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 24th in overall federal government expenditures.

U.S. intelligence and homeland security agencies and the Department of Justice measure the potential terrorist threat to Pennsylvania by analyzing data, including the following: * Pennsylvania had 30 terrorism-related convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department, and ranks fifth in the nation. * The state has two of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism: Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania has three FBI Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs) and is one of 22 states with more than one JTTF. The state is one of 16 states with more than one fusion center, and one of six with three centers. One of them, the Delaware Valley Intelligence Center (DVIC) will be fully operational in 2011-2012 The director of the Pennsylvania Office of Homeland Security resigned on Sept. 30, 2010, following a public controversy involving state use of improper intelligence warnings prepared by an outside contractor. The contractor, the Institute of Terrorism Research and Response, an Israeli business, produced "warnings" for Pennsylvania law enforcement that turned out in some cases to involve peaceful protests and groups. Its contract, which resulted in 137 bulletins for the Pennsylvania Office of Homeland Security starting in October 2009, was severed by the governor in September 2010.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 90

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 20

77.8% Pre-9/11

22.2% Post-9/11

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Pennsylvania is divided into nine emergency response/counterterrorism regions, including the Northwestern (Region 2), Southwestern (Region 13), Northwest Central, Northeast and Southeast emergency response groups; and the North Central, South Central Mountain, East Central and South Central Counterterrorism Task Forces. The state is located in FEMA Region III; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Philadelphia.

Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
Totals 7212690


  • Counterterrorism

    Pennsylvania has three Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs): The Philadelphia JTTF (the original Pennsylvania JTTF, also known as the New Jersey JTTF South Unit), the Pittsburgh JTTF (also known as the Western Pennsylvania/West Virginia JTTF) and the Erie JTTF annex. The U.S. attorney chairs Anti-Terrorism Advisory Councils (ATACs) in Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and Scranton. At the state level, the Southeast Pennsylvania Regional Counter Terrorism Task Force covers Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery and Philadelphia counties, serving as a standing organizational structure for a coordinated response to a terrorist incident in the area, and coordinating the dissemination of federal homeland security grants and other funding. The Philadelphia Police Department's counterterrorism unit and Homeland Security Bureau involve the department in counterterrorism operations (through the JTTF), emergency response (particularly weapons of mass destruction and critical infrastructure protection) and dignatary protection.

  • Intelligence

    Pennsylvania is a member of the Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network (MAGLOCLEN) and the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC). The Regional Information Sharing Systems (RISS) Intelligence Center in Newtown, a part of the MAGLOCEN, covers Delaware, Indiana, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and the District of Columbia. At the federal level, the FBI operates Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs) in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in Philadelphia has jurisdiction over Pennsylvania, Delaware and West Virginia. The Philadelphia/Camden High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area in Philadelphia performs criminal intelligence analysis for Philadelphia County and parts of southern New Jersey. The National Drug Intelligence Center in Johnstown, one of four designated national counter-drug intelligence centers, also focuses on the drug-terror-gang nexus.

  • Fusion

    Pennsylvania has three fusion centers: The Pennsylvania Criminal Intelligence Center (PACIC), established in 2003, is a component of the Pennsylvania State Police Bureau of Criminal Investigation and the state-designated fusion center. The PACIC provides federal, state and municipal law enforcement agencies with access to intelligence information, investigative data and public source information by analyzing complex information and collating it into intelligence summaries, organization charts, link analysis, time event analysis and other products. The Philadelphia-based Delaware Valley Intelligence Center (DVIC), slated to be fully operational in 2011-2012, is a four-state (Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey), 12-county initiative. The Pittsburgh Terrorism Early Warning Group Fusion Center is a component of Allegheny County Emergency Services and Pennsylvania Region 13.

  • Homeland Security

    The Pennsylvania Office of Homeland Security, established in 2002 as part of the Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency (PEMA), serves as the commonwealth's lead office for orchestrating and synchronizing protection-related activities. The Philadelphia Police Department's Homeland Security Bureau, established in the spring of 2002, focuses on intelligence and counterterrorism. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, DHS Protective Security Advisors are located in Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. Federal Protective Service (FPS) Region 3 headquarters is also located in Philadelphia.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Pennsylvania State Police (PSP) is the statewide law enforcement agency and includes a Bureau of Drug Law Enforcement, which conducts proactive undercover investigations, an Intelligence Unit and a Financial Investigations Unit. The FBI's Philadelphia and Pittsburgh field offices operate resident agencies and satellite offices in Allentown, Fort Washington, Harrisburg, Newtown Square, Scranton, State College, Williamsport, Erie, Laurel Highlands, Mon Valley and North Pittsburgh.

  • Emergency Management

    The Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency (PEMA) is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Allentown Resident Agency (FBI)Allentown 
3rd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Annvillex
Pennsylvania Adjutant General (TAG)Annville 
Pennsylvania Air National GuardAnnville 
Pennsylvania Army National GuardAnnville 
Carlisle Barracks CID Office (U.S. Army)Carlisle 
Mon Valley Resident Agency (FBI)Charleroi 
AFOSI Det 101 OL-B (Air Force)Coraopolis 
Allegheny County Police DepartmentCoraopolisx
Cory Police DepartmentCoryx
North Pittsburgh Resident Agency (FBI)Cranberry Township 
Laurel Highlands Resident Agency (FBI)Elton 
Erie JTTF Annex (FBI)Eriex
Erie Police DepartmentEriex
Erie Resident Agency (FBI)Erie 
Erie Satellite Office (ATF)Erie 
Ft. Washington Resident Agency (FBI)Fort Washington 
Harrisburg Field Office (Postal Inspection)Harrisburg 
Harrisburg Resident Agency (FBI)Harrisburg 
Harrisburg Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)Harrisburg 
Pa. Criminal Intelligence Center (State Police)Harrisburg 
Pa. Emergency Management AgencyHarrisburg 
Pa. Emergency Management Agency Office of Homeland SecurityHarrisburgx
Pennsylvania State Citizen CorpsHarrisburgx
Pennsylvania State PoliceHarrisburgx
Lansdale Satellite Office - Industry Operations (ATF)Lansdale 
DCIS Northeast Field Office (Defense)Lester 
Philadelphia Resident Agency (Defense)Lester 
Harrisburg Post of Duty (Defense)Mechanicsburg 
NCIS Resident Unit Mechanicsburg, Pa. (Navy)Mechanicsburg 
Philadelphia Fraud Resident Agency (U.S. Army)Media 
Middle Atlantic-Great Lakes Organized Crime Law Enforcement Network® (MAGLOCLEN)Newtown 
Newtown Square Resident Agency (FBI)Newtown Square 
Army Support Element (Military Intel.)Oakdale 
ATAC Eastern District of Penn. (U.S. Attorney)Philadelphiax
Defense Coordinating Officer/Element FEMA Region III (NORTHCOM)Philadelphiax
Del. Valley Intelligence CenterPhiladelphiax
Eastern Pa. - IRS Criminal Investigation, Philadelphia Field OfficePhiladelphia 
FEMA Region IIIPhiladelphia 
FIG Philadelphia Office of Intelligence(ICE)Philadelphiax
FPS Region 3-Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Fed. Protective Service)Philadelphia 
Lester Field Office (Defense Sec.)Philadelphia 
Philadelphia ACYPhiladelphia 
Philadelphia Division (FBI)Philadelphia 
Philadelphia Division (Postal Inspection)Philadelphia 
Philadelphia Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Philadelphia 
Philadelphia Field Division (ATF)Philadelphia 
Philadelphia Field Division (Drug Enforcement)Philadelphia 
Philadelphia Field Office (ICE)Philadelphia 
Philadelphia JTTF / Pa. JTTF / N.J. JTTF South Unit (FBI)Philadelphiax
Philadelphia Police Department Homeland Security UnitPhiladelphiax
Philadelpia/Camden HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Philadelphia 
Philadephia Resident Office (Diplomatic Sec.)Philadelphia 
Protective Security Advisor Philadelphia District (DHS)Philadelphiax
SAC Philadelphia (ICE)Philadelphia 
USAO Eastern District of Pennsylvania (U.S. Attorney)Philadelphia 
USMS Eastern District of Pennsylvania (Marshals)Philadelphia 
USSS Philadelphia (Secret Service)Philadelphia 
AFOSI Det 325 OL-A (Air Force)Pittsburgh 
Allegheny County Sheriff's OfficePittsburghx
ATAC Western District of Pa. (U.S. Attorney)Pittsburghx
Pittsburgh District Office (Drug Enforcement)Pittsburgh 
Pittsburgh Division (FBI)Pittsburgh 
Pittsburgh Division (Postal Inspection)Pittsburgh 
Pittsburgh Electronic Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)Pittsburgh 
Pittsburgh Field OfficePittsburgh 
Pittsburgh Field Office (ATF)Pittsburgh 
Pittsburgh Police DepartmentPittsburghx
Pittsburgh Post of Duty (Defense)Pittsburgh 
Pittsburgh Terrorism Early Warning Group Fusion CenterPittsburgh 
Protective Security Advisor Pittsburgh District (DHS)Pittsburghx
RAC Pittsburgh (ICE)Pittsburgh 
USAO Western District of Pennsylvania (U.S. Attorney)Pittsburgh 
USMS Western District of Pennsylvania (Marshals)Pittsburgh 
USSS Pittsburgh (Secret Service)Pittsburgh 
W. Pa. Criminal Investigation Office (IRS)Pittsburgh 
W. Pa. JTTF / W. Va. JTTF / Pittsburgh JTTFPittsburgh 
Reading Satellite Office/Industry Operations (ATF)Reading 
ATAC Middle District of Pa. (U.S. Attorney)Scrantonx
Scranton Resident Agency (FBI)Scranton 
Scranton Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Scranton 
USAO Middle District of Pennsylvania (U.S. Attorney)Scranton 
USMS Middle District of Pennsylvania (Marshals)Scranton 
USSS Scranton (Secret Service)Scranton 
NCIS Representative Pennsylvania State University (Navy)State College 
State College Resident Agency (FBI)State College 
NCIS Representative Pittsburgh, Pa. (Navy)West Mifflin 
Wilkes-Barre Satellite (ATF)Wilkes-Barre 
Williamsport Resident Agency (FBI)Williamsport 
AFOSI Det 325 OL-K (Air Force)Willow Grove 

State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Thunderstorms; Winter storms; Extreme cold
Domestic SecurityAnimal Liberation Front; Earth Liberation Front; Homegrown Islamic terrorists; White supremacists
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
"Top Secret America" is a project nearly two years in the making that describes the huge national security buildup in the United States after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. | Read More »

More than a dozen Washington Post journalists spent two years developing Top Secret America. | See the details »


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The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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