This page has been archived.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico, if it were a state, would rank 30th in dollar amount of federal homeland security grants in 2009 and 21st in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Though Puerto Rico is one of 15 states and territories that the Department of Homeland Security and U.S. intelligence agencies assess as having no specific foreign or domestic terrorism threat, rampant drug smuggling and illegal immigration have made it a federal hub for surveillance operations and interdiction in the Caribbean. San Juan is one of the 64 urban metropolitan areas that have been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 40

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 8

80% Pre-9/11

20% Post-9/11

Skip chart

Note: Please upgrade your Flash plug-in to view our enhanced content.

Preview below...


Puerto Rico is located in FEMA Region II; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the commonwealth is located in New York City.

Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
Totals 327140


  • Counterterrorism

    Puerto Rico is located in FEMA Region II; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the commonwealth is in New York City.

  • Intelligence

    Puerto Rico is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) and the Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC). It is also a member of Southern Shield, a consortium of homeland security and law enforcement officials from 14 Southeastern states and territories. At the federal level, the FBI operates a Field Intelligence Group (FIG) in San Juan. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group San Juan has jurisdiction over Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area in San Juan performs criminal intelligence analysis.

  • Fusion

    Puerto Rico does not have a formal fusion center.

  • Homeland Security

    The Puerto Rico Office of Public Security Affairs is responsible for preparing, coordinating, developing and implementing plans to respond to a terrorist threat or terrorist attack. To assist in critical infrastructure protection, a DHS Protective Security Advisor is located in San Juan.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Puerto Rico Police Department is the commonwealth's law enforcement agency. The FBI maintains offices in Aguadilla, Fajardo, Ponce and San Juan.

  • Emergency Management

    The Puerto Rico Emergency Management and Disaster Administration Agency (PREMA) is the commonwealth's agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
USAO District of Puerto Rico (U.S. Attorney)  
Aguadilla Aviation Operations (Customs)Aguadilla 
Aguadilla Resident Agency (FBI)Aguadilla 
Ramey Sector, P.R. (Border Patrol)Aguadilla 
Boqueron Coastal Site (Customs)Boqueron 
Fajardo Coastal Site (Customs)Fajardo 
Fajardo Resident Agency (FBI)Fajardo 
RAC Fajardo (ICE)Fajardo 
Caribbean Field Division (Drug Enforcement)Guayabano 
San Juan Division (FBI)Hato Rey 
San Juan Resident Office (Diplomatic Sec.)Hato Rey 
USMS District of Puerto Rico (Marshals)Hato Rey 
Mayaguez Satellite Office - Industry Operations (ATF)Mayaguez 
RAC Mayaguez (ICE)Mayaguez 
Ponce Coastal Site (Customs)Ponce 
Ponce Resident Agency (FBI)Ponce 
Ponce Resident Office (Drug Enforcement)Ponce 
RAC Ponce (ICE)Ponce 
P.R./V.I. HIDTA (Nat'l Drug Control)Puerto Nuevo 
Ramey Coastal Site (Customs)Ramey 
Ramey Station (Border Patrol)Ramey 
22nd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)San Juanx
DHS Office of Investigations Field Office San JuanSan Juanx
FIG San Juan Office of Intelligence(ICE)San Juanx
Protective Security Advisor San Juan District (DHS)San Juanx
Puerto Rico Adjutant General (TAG)San Juan 
Puerto Rico Army National GuardSan Juan 
Puerto Rico ATAC (U.S. Attorney)San Juanx
Puerto Rico Citizen Corps CouncilSan Juanx
Puerto Rico Emergency Management and Disaster Administration Agency (PREMA)San Juan 
Puerto Rico Homeland SecuritySan Juanx
Puerto Rico Office for Public Safety and SecuritySan Juan 
Puerto Rico Police DepartmentSan Juan 
Resident Agent in Charge - San Juan (ICE)San Juan 
San Juan Coastal Site (Customs)San Juan 
San Juan Field Office (ATF)San Juan 
San Juan Field Office (Postal Inspection)San Juan 
San Juan Financial Crimes Task Force (Secret Service)San Juan 
San Juan JTTF / P.R. JTTF (FBI)San Juanx
SAC San Juan (ICE)Santurce 

State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyFloods; Hurricanes; Landslide and debris flow; Thunderstorms; Tsunamis
Domestic SecurityNone identified.
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
"Top Secret America" is a project nearly two years in the making that describes the huge national security buildup in the United States after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. | Read More »

More than a dozen Washington Post journalists spent two years developing Top Secret America. | See the details »


Top Secret America on Frontline

A short video from PBS’s FRONTLINE on The Post’s two-year investigation. An hour-long documentary film is forthcoming. Watch the trailer »

The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

Contact Us

Phone: 202-334-9300

© The Washington Post Company