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South Dakota

South Dakota ranks 46th of 50 states in the number of domestically focused counterterrorism and homeland security organizations, and is one of four states that rank 45th overall in organizations established or newly involved in counterterrorism since 9/11. In dollar amount, the state ranked 44th in fiscal 2009 in federal homeland security spending and 44th in domestic preparedness and antiterrorism programs. Measured per capita, the state ranked 10th in overall federal government expenditures.

South Dakota is one of 15 states and territories that the Department of Homeland Security and U.S. intelligence assess as having no specific foreign or domestic terrorism threat; is one of 15 states that have had no terrorism convictions since Sept. 11, 2001, according to the Justice Department; and is one of 18 states that have no metropolitan area that has been designated by the federal government as "high-threat, high-density" with regard to acts of terrorism.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 28

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 7

75% Pre-9/11

25% Post-9/11

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South Dakota is divided into four emergency management regions. The state is located in FEMA Region VIII; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the state is in Denver.

Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
Totals 1412228


  • Counterterrorism

    The South Dakota Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) annex, established in October 2001, is subordinate to the FBI's Minneapolis field office. The U.S. attorney chairs an Anti-Terrorism Advisory Council (ATAC) in Sioux Falls.

  • Intelligence

    South Dakota is a member of the Mid-States Organized Crime Information Center (MOCIC), the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) and the Intelligence Communications Enterprise for Information Sharing and Exchange (ICEFISHX), a terrorism-related information-sharing partnership between Minnesota, North Dakota and South Dakota law enforcement agencies that is used to collect information about suspicious activity relating to criminal activity and infrastructure protection. The South Dakota Division of Criminal Investigation operates a Criminal Intelligence Unit that assists local, state and federal governments by collecting, analyzing and disseminating criminal intelligence information. At the federal level, FBI Field Intelligence Group (FIG) in Minneapolis has jurisdiction for South Dakota, as does the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in St. Paul, Minn.

  • Fusion

    The South Dakota Fusion Center, part of the state Office of Homeland Security, was established in 2006 and is the state-designated all-hazards and all-crimes fusion center.

  • Homeland Security

    The South Dakota Office of Homeland Security, established in 2003, is operated by the South Dakota Highway Patrol (a part of the Department of Public Safety). It coordinates information sharing between all levels of government and local officials; assists all city, county and tribal governments with an ongoing assessment of their jurisdictions to determine their anti-terrorism needs; and manages anti-terrorism homeland security grants to assist city, county and tribal governments. To assist in critical-infrastructure protection, the DHS Protective Security Advisor in Omaha has jurisdiction over South Dakota.

  • Law Enforcement

    The South Dakota Attorney General's Office houses the Division of Criminal Investigation, which includes a Criminal Intelligence Unit that serves as the manager and database center for the state's Law Enforcement Information Network (LEIN) and is the liaison to federal intelligence and law enforcement entities. The South Dakota Department of Public Safety is the statewide law enforcement agency, responsible also for emergency response and homeland security. The South Dakota Highway Patrol operates the South Dakota Office of Homeland Security. The Criminal Statistical Analysis Center (SAC), a component of the Division of Criminal Investigation, is the state clearinghouse for criminal justice statistical data. South Dakota falls under the jurisdiction of the FBI's Minneapolis field office, which maintains resident agencies in Aberdeen, Pierre, Rapid City and Sioux Falls.

  • Emergency Management

    The South Dakota Office of Emergency Management, a component of the Department of Public Safety, is the state agency for coordinating disaster/emergency preparedness.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
Aberdeen Resident Agency (FBI)Aberdeen 
Sioux Falls Post of Duty (Defense)Castlewood 
AFOSI Det 226 (Air Force)Ellsworth AFB 
Pierre Resident Agency (FBI)Pierre 
S.D. Fusion Center (S.D. Dept. of Homeland Security)Pierre 
S.D. Office of Emergency ManagementPierre 
S.D. Office of Homeland SecurityPierrex
South Dakota Department of Public SafetyPierre 
South Dakota Division of Criminal Investigation (DCI)Pierre 
South Dakota Highway PatrolPierre 
South Dakota State Citizen CorpsPierrex
82nd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)Rapid Cityx
Rapid City Resident Agency (FBI)Rapid City 
Rapid City Satellite Office (ATF)Rapid City 
S.D. National Guard JFHQRapid Cityx
South Dakota Adjutant General (TAG)Rapid City 
South Dakota Air National GuardRapid City 
South Dakota Army National GuardRapid City 
Minnehaha County Sheriff's OfficeSioux Falls 
RAC Sioux Falls (ICE)Sioux Falls 
Sioux Falls Police DepartmentSioux Fallsx
Sioux Falls Resident Agency (FBI)Sioux Falls 
Sioux Falls Satellite Office (ATF)Sioux Falls 
South Dakota ATAC (U.S. Attorney)Sioux Fallsx
South Dakota JTTF (FBI)Sioux Fallsx
USAO District of South Dakota (U.S. Attorney)Sioux Falls 
USMS District of South Dakota (Marshals)Sioux Falls 
USSS Souix Falls (Secret Service)Sioux Falls 

State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyExtreme heat; Floods; Thunderstorms; Tornadoes; Winter storms; Extreme cold
Domestic SecurityNone identified.
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
"Top Secret America" is a project nearly two years in the making that describes the huge national security buildup in the United States after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. | Read More »

More than a dozen Washington Post journalists spent two years developing Top Secret America. | See the details »


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The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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