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U.S. Virgin Islands

The U.S. Virgin Islands is one of 20 states and territories that had no terrorism convictions from Sept. 11, 2001, through March 2010, according to the Justice Department. It is one of 15 states and territories that the Department of Homeland Security and U.S. intelligence agencies assess as having no specific foreign or domestic terrorism threat.

The Virgin Islands Territorial Emergency Management Agency (VITEMA) consolidated with the Virgin Islands Office of Homeland Security in 2010 and completed construction of a new headquarters. The integrated facility includes a fusion center, which will be staffed by territory and federal officers when fully activated in 2011-2012.

State security snapshot

Organizations working on homeland security and counterterrorism: 17

Organizations that started this work after 9/11: 2

88.2% Pre-9/11

11.8% Post-9/11

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The U.S. Virgin Islands is located in FEMA Region II; the Defense Coordinating Office responsible for brokering and arranging federal military support for the territory is in New York City.

Law Enforcement
Law Enforcement
Includes organizations at the federal, state and local levels that have the police powers to make arrests and investigate criminal matters.
Emergency Management
Emergency Management
Organizations tasked with responding to natural disasters, attacks using weapons of mass destruction and other emergencies.
Homeland Security
Homeland Security
Organizations responsible for activities -- such as infrastructure protection, border control and planning for the aftermath of terrorist attacks -- handled mainly by the Department of Homeland Security.
Organizations, such as the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Forces, that work exclusively on terrorism cases.
Joint Terrorism Task Force
A multiagency task force, run by the FBI, that has the lead in investigating terrorism within the United States.
Intelligence and Fusion
Organizations that collect, analyze and share information about domestic threats.
Fusion Centers
Fusion Center
A place where information from multiple agencies in a state or region is sent to be analyzed.
Totals 106117


  • Counterterrorism

    The St. Thomas Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) annex is subordinate to the FBI's San Juan, Puerto Rico, field office.

  • Intelligence

    The Virgin Islands is a member of the Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) and the Regional Organized Crime Information Center (ROCIC). The territory is also a member of Southern Shield, a consortium of homeland security and law enforcement officials from 14 Southeastern states and territories. At the federal level, the FBI operates Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs) in XX. The Immigration and Customs Enforcement Field Intelligence Group in San Juan has jurisdiction over the Virgin Islands.

  • Fusion

    The Virgin Islands does not have an organized fusion center, but a fusion center facility was incorporated into the new VITEMA headquarters in 2009.

  • Homeland Security

    The Virgin Islands Office of Homeland Security was consolidated into an enlarged Virgin Islands Territorial Emergency Management Agency (VITEMA) in 2010.

  • Law Enforcement

    The Virgin Islands Police Department is the territory-wide law enforcement agency. The FBI's San Juan, Puerto Rico, field office has jurisdiction for the Virgin Islands. FBI resident agencies are located in Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas and St. Croix.

  • Emergency Management

    The Virgin Islands Territorial Emergency Management Agency (VITEMA), reporting to the adjutant general, is the territory agency for coordinating homeland security and disaster/emergency preparedness. In 2010, the VITEMA relocated to a new headquarters that houses the St. Thomas-St. John 911 call center, an emergency operations center, a fusion center, office space and dormitories.

Sourcing: Department of Homeland Security, Justice Department and state government documents.
OrganizationCityStarted since 9/11
USAO District of Virgin Islands (U.S. Attorney)  
23rd Civil Support Team (Nat'l Guard)St. Croixx
RAC St. Croix (ICE)St. Croix 
St. Croix Resident Agency (FBI)St. Croix 
St. Croix Satellite Office (ATF)St. Croix 
Virgin Island Air National GuardSt. Croix 
Virgin Islands Army National GuardSt. Croix 
Virgin Islands State Emergency Management OfficeSt. Croix 
Virgin Islands Territorial Emergency Management (VITEMA)St. Croix 
RAC St. Thomas (ICE)St. Thomas 
St. Thomas Coastal Site (Customs)St. Thomas 
St. Thomas JTTF Annex (FBI)St. Thomasx
St. Thomas Resident Agency (FBI)St. Thomas 
St. Thomas Satellite Office (AFT)St. Thomas 
USMS District of Virgin Islands (Marshals)St. Thomas 
Virgin Islands Law Enforcement Planning CommissionSt. Thomas 
Virgin Islands Police DepartmentSt. Thomas 

State-Recognized Threats:
Public SafetyFloods; Hurricanes; Landslide and debris flow; Thunderstorms
Domestic SecurityNone identified.
Sourcing: Natural hazards are taken from DHS documents and State Emergency Operations Plans. Domestic terrorist threats are based upon U.S. government intelligence documents and actual attacks undertaken since 2001.

This project was last updated in September 2010. Data is accurate as of that date.
"Top Secret America" is a project nearly two years in the making that describes the huge national security buildup in the United States after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks. | Read More »

More than a dozen Washington Post journalists spent two years developing Top Secret America. | See the details »


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The reporters

Dana Priest

Investigative reporter Dana Priest has been The Washington Post's intelligence, Pentagon and health-care reporter. She has won numerous awards, including the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for public service for "The Other Walter Reed" and the 2006 Pulitzer for beat reporting for her work on CIA secret prisons and counterterrorism operations overseas. She is author of the 2003 book, "The Mission: Waging War and Keeping Peace With America's Military, (W.W. Norton).

William M. Arkin

William M. Arkin has been a columnist and reporter with The Washington Post and since 1998. He has worked on the subject of government secrecy and national security affairs for more than 30 years. He has authored or co-authored more than a dozen books about the U.S. military and national security.

Project Credits

Stephanie Clark, Ben de la Cruz, Kat Downs, Dan Drinkard, Anne Ferguson-Rohrer, Justin Ferrell, David Finkel, Jennifer Jenkins, Robert Kaiser, Laris Karklis, Jacqueline Kazil, Lauren Keane, Todd Lindeman, Greg Manifold, Jennifer Morehead, Bonnie Jo Mount, Larry Nista, Ryan O’Neil, Sarah Sampsel, Whitney Shefte, Laura Stanton, Julie Tate, Doris Truong, Nathaniel Vaughn Kelso, Michael Williamson, Karen Yourish, Amanda Zamora.

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